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Organic Molecule Project

by Hailey Berry


Organic Molecules
by Hailey Berry
atom: the tiniest particle of an element with distinct features

biochemical conversion: utilize of proteins of microscopic organisms or other microorganisms to break down biomass through the forms of anaerobic absorption, aging, or composting.

Biological macromolecules: a collection of biomacromolecules that interact with biological systems and their surroundings

Compound: A material made up of two or more parts or components

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid): Adenine, cytosine, thymine, and guanine make up DNA.
Vocabulary (continued)
macromolecules: high-molecular-weight polymers

Molecules: the tiniest unit of matter that can survive on its own and maintain all of a substance's chemical properties; it is made up of atoms that are connected together by chemical forces.

monomers: smaller, simpler unit that makes up a polymer

polymer: a molecule constructed of repeated, linked units. Constructed of monomers.
Organic Compounds
organic compounds: carbohydrate, lipids, nucleic acid, and protein

carbohydrate: provides energy to cells, stores energy, forms body structures. They are composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Sugar and starches are made of carbohydrates.

lipids: stores energy, forms cell membranes, carries messages. Lipids are made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Examples of lipids are waxes, steroids, fats, oils, and phospholipids.

nucleic acid: contains instructions for proteins; passes instructions from parents to offspring, helps create proteins.

protein: helps cells maintain their shape/structure, muscles are made of protein, catalyzes chemical reactions, carries messages and materials. Examples: all meat
Thanks for learning!