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Jainism and Buddhism + Our Reflections

by Abhay, Shloka, Shiv, Ilina and Priymishree

Pages 2 and 3 of 14

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What is Jainism?
Jainism or Jain Dharma is one of the oldest Indian religions practiced till date.
The three main pillars of Jainism are ahimsa (non-violence), aparigraha (non-possession) and anekandaveda (metaphysical truth). There are two major sects of Jainism, Svetambara and Digambara, which are divided on the basis of difference in their beliefs and ascetic practices.

Rishabhanatha is said to be the founder of Jainism. Rishabhanatha is one of the five Tirthankaras that attract the most devotional worship among the Jains. He is the spiritual leader of the Jains.
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What Is Buddhism?

Buddhism is an Indian religion and philosophy based on a series of original teachings attributed to Gautama Buddha. Buddha started Buddhism on the basis that suffering is inherent in life and that one can be liberated from it by cultivating wisdom, virtue, and concentration.

When Buddha passed away in around 483 B.C., his followers began to organise a religious movement. Buddha's teachings became the foundation for what would develop into Buddhism. In the 3rd century B.C., Ashoka the Great, the Mauryan Indian emperor, made Buddhism the state religion of India.
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Gods Worshipped By Jains:

Jainism is a religion based on the teachings of a long line of jina tirthankaras (victors) of whom Mahavira was the 24th.

According to Jain tradition, a jina or tirthanka is one who has conquered anger, greed and ego through meditating. Out of the 24 tirthankaras, Jains worship four: Mahavira, Parshvanatha, Neminatha and Rishabhanatha. Among the non-tirthankara saints, devotional worship is common for Bahubali among the digambaras.
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Gods Worshipped By Buddhists:
The founder of Buddhism was Lord Buddha.
The word Buddha means “enlightened."

Most people who follow Buddhism (Buddhists) do not believe in gods. They look up and respect Lord Buddha, but they do not believe he was a god; instead, he is considered an extraordinary being and they worship him as a form of respect.

Buddhists value and learn these characteristics of Lord Buddha: love, wisdom, goodness, calmness, self-control, faith and energy.
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