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EXPLANATION

by Yolanda Agustina

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EXPLANATION TEXT


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By : YOLANDA AGUSTINA SINAGA
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DEFINITION OF EXPLANATION TEXT
Explanation is a text which tells process relating to forming of natural, social, scientific and cultural phenomena.
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GENERIC STRUCTURE OF EXPLANATION TEXT
- General statement 
General statement stating the phenomena issues which are to be explained
- sequaenced of explanation
 sequenced explanation stating  a series of step which explain the phenomena. 
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PURPOSE OF EXPLANATION TEXT
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- Explanation is text which telss process relating to forming of natural, social, scientific and cultural phenomena.
- to explain how or why something happens.
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LANGUAGE FEATURES OF EXPLANATION TEXT
In an explanation text, there are linguistic features as below :
– Using simple present tense
– Using abstract noun (no visible noun)
– Using Passive voice
– Using Action verbs
– Containing explanation of the process.
EXAMPLE OF EXPLANATION GLOBAL WARMING
As we know now, global warming which is happening right now has a very big impact on natural conditions, animals and humans. Well, do you know how global warming which has a particularly serious impact on life happens? To know the process of how this phenomenon occurs, see the following explanation.

The process starts when sunlight shines the earth where most of the heat is absorbed by the earth and a half of it is reflected back onto the air (atmosphere). Sunshine returning to the air is trapped by gases in the atmosphere such as carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, methane, water vapor, and so on. This event is known as the greenhouse effect.

Solar radiation on the earth's atmosphere makes ozone layer get thinner and makes the sunlight which shines the Earth become hotter. The greenhouse effect also causes the sunlight which is reflected back onto space is reflected back into the earth. This phenomenon causes the earth continuously getting hotter. This condition is known as global warming.
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