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LISTENING SKILL

by Parida Hanum

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1. Definition of Listening Skill
Listening skill is the communication process, according to Johnson (1951) and Hampleman (1958), while it is to distinguish words from recognizing other words.

Listening is one of the abilities of every human being who can be seen directly, but not all people in the world can listen to English except those who are indeed their native speaker or first language in English or involved in many language-learning activities, both inside and outside the language classroom and about listening skills are the ability to actively understand the information provided by the speaker, and display interest in the topic discussed.
It can also include providing the speaker feedback, such as the asking of pertinent questions; so the speaker knows the message is being understood.
According to Brown listening is a spoken or written
response from the student that indicates correct (or incorrect) auditory
processing. In order to become better listeners, the learners must think
actively when they are listening. Listening is involved in many
language-learning activities, both inside and outside the language classroom.
The improvement in listening will provide a basis for the development of other language skills.
Listening skill is key to all effective communication. Without the ability to listen effectively, messages are easily misunderstood. As a result, communication breaks down and the sender of the message can easily become frustrated or irritated.
            So this listening skill is a skill
to receive, understand, and explain the message conveyed by the other person or the voice being heard.
  2. TYPES OF LISTENING
A. According to Brown some types of listening as
follow:

 1) Intensive Listening for perception of the
components (Phonemes, words, intonation, discourse markers, etc) of a larger stretch of language.

2) Responsive Listening to a relatively short stretch of language (a greeting,
question, command, comprehension check, etc) in order to make an equally short response.
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