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All About Elephants

by Ellie Zhang

Pages 2 and 3 of 29

All About
Elephants
By MeiMei Zhang
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Table of Contents
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1. What are Elephants?

2. Types of Elephants

3. Elephant Bodies/ Body Parts

4. Food for an Elephant

5. Elephant Behavior

6. Where Elephants Live

7. Elephant Life Cycle

8. More Fun Facts

9. Glossary
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What are Elephants?
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An African Elephant
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Elephants are big animals. They are the largest land animal after the Blue Whale which are marine and not land animals. They are also warm-blooded which means they are mammals because warm-blooded animals are mammals. They can also grow up to 13 feet tall!
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Types of Elephants
African Forest Elephant
You may be thinking that there are 2 types of elephants, but there are
Elephant is just called the Asian Elephant. Anyways, Asian Elephants and African Elephants have lots of differences that you may or may not have noticed yet.
Asian elephant ears are a bit smaller than African elephant ears. And African elephants are more domesticated than Asian elephants which are more tame.
actually 3 types of elephants- 1 type of Asian elephant, and 2 types of African elephants.
The African Forest Elephant and the African Savannah Elephant are the 2 types of African elephants.
Many Asian Elephants are important to Asian culture and people use elephants for festivals, working for moving heavy objects, and transportation.
FUN FACT!!!
The African Savannah Elephant is a little bigger than the African Forest Elephant. And the Asian


There is another good way to tell apart Asian and African elephants. If you look closely, the African Elephant ears are shaped like Africa and Asian Elephant ears are shaped like India.
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Elephant is just called the Asian Elephant. Anyways, Asian Elephants and African Elephants have lots of differences that you may or may not have noticed yet.
Asian elephant ears are a bit smaller than African elephant ears. And African elephants are more domesticated than Asian elephants which are more tame.
Many Asian Elephants are important to Asian culture and people use elephants for festivals, working for moving heavy objects, and transportation.
FUN FACT!!!


There is another good way to tell apart Asian and African elephants. If you look closely, the African Elephant ears are shaped like Africa and Asian Elephant ears are shaped like India.
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Elephant Bodies/ Body Parts
Elephant Tusks
The Shadow is the largest recorded male elephant and the one under is the average adult male.The larger green one is the average female elephant and the smaller ones on the right are the average size for an infant.
Elephant Trunks
An elephants tusk is made out of ivory. Some people think ivory is very valuable and kill elephants because of it. Both African female's and male's have tusks but only Asian male's have it. Elephants use their tusks to dig for food, water, and also use it to strip bark from trees to eat. Male elephants also use their tusks to battle each other.
FUN FACT!!!
Elephants trunks are like long noses and are prehensile. They use them to breathe, smell, drinking, bathing, using them to push heavy objects, and use them as an arm/hand. African elephants have 1-2 finger like projections on the end of their trunk for grabbing small objects.
Did you know that elephant tusks never stop growing and if you every see an elephant, look at their tusks and you can estimate how old the elephant is by how long the tusks are! (Besides if it doesn't have tusks)
Elephant Ears, Skin, Tail, Feet, and Teeth
Elephant ears-Elephants flap their large ears to keep their bodies cool. (As you know) African elephant ears are shaped like Africa and Asian elephant ears are shaped like India.
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Elephant Tusks
An elephants tusk is made out of ivory. Some people think ivory is very valuable and kill elephants because of it. Both African female's and male's have tusks but only Asian male's have it. Elephants use their tusks to dig for food, water, and also use it to strip bark from trees to eat. Male elephants also use their tusks to battle each other.
FUN FACT!!!
Did you know that elephant tusks never stop growing and if you every see an elephant, look at their tusks and you can estimate how old the elephant is by how long the tusks are! (Besides if it doesn't have tusks)
Elephant Ears, Skin, Tail, Feet, and Teeth
Elephant ears-Elephants flap their large ears to keep their bodies cool. (As you know) African elephant ears are shaped like Africa and Asian elephant ears are shaped like India.
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Elephant Skin- Elephants have tough, thick, and wrinkled skin. The wrinkles trap water which also keeps them cool.

Elephant Tails- Elephant tails have long hairs at the end. Their tail is very helpful because the elephant uses their tail to swat insects away.

Elephant Feet- Elephant feet has thick pads on the bottom. The pads are helpful because they help the elephant walk without making much noise so predator can't hear them.
Food for an Elephant
Elephants are herbivores and need lots of food and water. Elephants favorite food is long grass, but calf's find it hard to pull the grass up so their mom does it for them and then feeds it for the calf. Elephants mainly eat plants such as grass, fruits, twigs, leaves, and seeds.
If an elephant can't reach the plants or find them, they might even strip off bark and wood from the trees.
A picture of elephant skin
Elephant teeth- Elephants have 12 molars or grinding teeth in their mouth. They use the molars to chew plants.
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