In Ancient Greek, the population had a series of beliefs that helped them understand themselves and the world around them. Ancient Greek religion was based on the belief that there were twelve gods and goddesses that ruled the universe from Mount Olympus, in Greece.
What are the Gods and Goddesses ?
They were a race of deities, primarily consisting of a third and fourth generation of immortal beings, worshipped as the principal gods of the Greek. They called the Olympians because of their residency atop Mount Olympus.
How did they born?
According to Greek mythology and the ancient Greek religion, the Titans were the pre-Olympian gods, but the twelve Olympians gained their supremacy on Earth after Zeus, along with his brothers Poseidon and Hades, and their children will achieve victory in the war against the Titans. This war called “Titanomachy" and it lasted 10 years.
And so the prophecy of Uranus against Cronus was fulfilled, in which he told that one of his sons would overthrow him.
THE TWELVE OLYMPIANS
Zeus - God of the Sky Poseidon - God of the Sea Ares - God of War Aphrodite - Goddess of Love Hera - Goddess of Women Demeter - Goddess of Harvest Athena - Goddess of Strategy Apollo - God of the Sun, Music and Poetry Artemis - Goddess of the Hunt Hephaestus - God of Fire Hermes - The Messenger God Dionysus - God of Wine
Zeus was the most powerful of the Greek Gods and ruled over all the other Gods. His name means "bright" or "sky" and his temper affected the weather. He was the youngest child of the Titans Cronus and Rhea. Brother and husband of Hera and brother of Poseidon, Hades, Demeter, and Hestia. The name Zeus means "bright" or "sky."His weapon of choice was the thunderbolt, made for him by the Cyclops.
Poseidon is best known as the Greek sea god, but he was also the god of horses and of earthquakes. His home was Aegean Sea, his temper controlled the seas, so sailors prayed to him before voyages to ensure safe passage. His symbols include the horse, bull, dolphin, and trident. Though humanoid, he fathered both the winged horse Pegasus (by Medusa, no less) and the Cyclops Polyphemus, who is blinded by Odysseus.
Ares is the God of war, violence, bloodshed and manly virtues. He was the first son of Zeus and Hera. He was a cruel god so was disliked by the other Gods except Aphrodite. The union of Ares and Aphrodite created the Gods: Eros (known as Cupid), Anteros, Phobos, Deimos, and Harmonia. Sacred symbols of him included the dog and the vulture. Ares used to carry a bloody spear.