Book Creator


by Estudiante - Jeraldine Belalcazar


United States profile – Timeline
Part 2
Jeraldine Belalcazar Garcia
World War II and the Cold War
1941 - Japanese warplanes attack US fleet at Pearl Harbour in
Hawaii, leading to US joining World War II against the Axis powers.
1945 - US drops two atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Japan surrenders.
1947 - US enunciates policy of aid for nations it deems threatened
by communism in what became known as the Truman Doctrine.
Cold War with Soviet Union begins.
1948 - America's programme to revive ailing post-war European
economies - the Marshall Plan - comes into force. Some $13bn is
disbursed over four years and the plan is regarded as a success.
1950-54 - Senator Joseph McCarthy carries out a crusade against
alleged communists in government and public life; the campaign
and its methods become known as McCarthyism. In 1954 McCarthy
is formally censured by the Senate.
1950-53 - US forces play leading role against North Korean and
Chinese troops in Korean War.
Desegregation and the Vietnam war
1954 - Racial segregation in schools becomes unconstitutional;
start of campaign of civil disobedience to secure civil rights for
Americans of African descent.
1960 - Democratic Party candidate John F Kennedy elected
president, narrowly defeating his rival Richard Nixon.