Book Creator


by Estudiante - Jeraldine Belalcazar

Pages 2 and 3 of 25

United States profile – Timeline
Part 2
Jeraldine Belalcazar Garcia
World War II and the Cold War
1941 - Japanese warplanes attack US fleet at Pearl Harbour in
Hawaii, leading to US joining World War II against the Axis powers.
1945 - US drops two atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Japan surrenders.
1947 - US enunciates policy of aid for nations it deems threatened
by communism in what became known as the Truman Doctrine.
Cold War with Soviet Union begins.
1948 - America's programme to revive ailing post-war European
economies - the Marshall Plan - comes into force. Some $13bn is
disbursed over four years and the plan is regarded as a success.
1950-54 - Senator Joseph McCarthy carries out a crusade against
alleged communists in government and public life; the campaign
and its methods become known as McCarthyism. In 1954 McCarthy
is formally censured by the Senate.
1950-53 - US forces play leading role against North Korean and
Chinese troops in Korean War.
Desegregation and the Vietnam war
1954 - Racial segregation in schools becomes unconstitutional;
start of campaign of civil disobedience to secure civil rights for
Americans of African descent.
1960 - Democratic Party candidate John F Kennedy elected
president, narrowly defeating his rival Richard Nixon.
1961 - Bay of Pigs invasion: an unsuccessful attempt to invade
Cuba by Cuban exiles, organised and financed by Washington.
1962 - US compels Soviet Union to withdraw nuclear weapons from
Cuba in what has become known as the Cuban missile crisis.
1963 - President John F Kennedy assassinated; Lyndon Johnson
becomes president.
1964 - US steps up its military intervention in Vietnam. Civil Rights
Act signed into law; it aims to halt discrimination on grounds of
race, colour, religion, nationality.