After World War One ended in 1918, Germany had to give up land and was banned from having armed forces.
In 1933 the German people voted for a leader named Adolf Hitler, who led a political party in Germany called the National Socialists or Nazis. Hitler promised to make his country great again and quickly began to arm Germany again and to seize land from other country
Why did World War II start?
The Second World War was started by Germany in an unprovoked attack on Poland. Britain and France declared war on Germany after Hitler had refused to abort his invasion of Poland.
What was the Blitz?
The heavy and frequent bombing attacks on London and other cities was known as the 'Blitz'. Night after night, from September 1940 until May 1941, German bombers attacked British cities, ports and industrial areas.
London was bombed ever day and night, bar one, for 11 weeks. One third of London was destroyed
Why was rationing introduced?
To make the British weak, the Germans tried to cut off supplies of food and other goods. German submarines attacked many of the ships that brought food to Britain.
Before the war, Britain imported 55 million tons of food, a month after the war had started this figure had dropped to 12 million.
The Ration Book became the key to survival for nearly every household in Britain. Every member of the public was issued with a ration book.