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The Inuit People

by Zi Qian Lin Huang

Pages 2 and 3 of 12

The Inuit People
By Ziqian Lin Huang
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The Inuit People
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By Ziqian Lin Huang
Table of Contents
Introduction ..................................... 5
Location / Climate ........................... 6
What do Inuit hunt? ........................ 7
Transportation and homes ............ 8
Traditions and family roles ............ 9
Inuit now ......................................... 10
Introduction
Did you know that some Inuit people live in places around -40 Celsius?
Did you also know that Inuit means "People" in their language, Inuktitut?
If not, you should keep reading to learn more about this amazing culture.
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Location / Climate
To begin with, scientists believe, the Inuit culture started in Alaska around 1050 CE and slowly spread out from there and lived across 3 different countries; Canada, Alaska, and Greenland. They lived in a harsh cold tundra climate and have thrived there for thousands of years. The place they live is so cold that people needed to wear multiple layers of clothing.
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What do the Inuit hunt?
Because farming was impossible due to the harsh and cold climate, early Inuit followed a nomadic lifestyle. This means that they moved from place to place following the animals they depended on for food and clothing. The Inuit became skilled hunters and fishers. Some animals they hunted were seals, whales, and other sea mammals, especially in the winter. In the summer they moved inland to fish and hunt. Additionally, on land, they hunted caribou, musk oxen, polar bear, and other small animals. They used animal skins to make tents and clothes.
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Transportation and homes
Another fact about the Inuit people is that they used two main types of transportation, kayaks, and dog sleds. Kayaks were used to travel during summer while dogsleds in winter making traveling easy. Their homes were igloos. Some were made of sod that kept the home warm and other igloos were made of snow that was temporary shelter during hunting trips.
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