A lawyer or attorney is a person who practiceslaw, as an advocate, attorney at law, barrister, barrister-at-law, bar-at-law, canonist, canon lawyer,civillaw notary, counsel, counselor, solicitor, legal executive, or publicservant preparing, interpreting and applying the law, but not as a paralegal or charter executive secretary. Working as a lawyer involves the practical application of abstract legal theories and knowledge to solve specific individualized problems, or to advance the interests of those who hire lawyers to perform legal services. The role of the lawyer varies greatly across different legaljurisdictions.
Each jurisdiction exercises the right to determine who is recognized as a lawyer. As a result, the meaning of the term "lawyer" may vary from country to country. Some jurisdictions, under the influence of Anglo-Saxon law, have two types of lawyers: barristers and solicitors, while in other jurisdictions, under the influence of continental law, they have only one type of lawyer. lawyer, with general competence, registered on the board of a professional association, called the bar.
In the Anglo-Saxon system, barristers have exclusive competence to represent clients, individuals, in higher courts. On the other hand, solicitors are trained to prepare cases and provide advice on legal matters and can represent individuals in lower courts. Both solicitors and solicitors are licensed by a law school and must complete practical training. In some Anglo-Saxon jurisdictions, only plaintiffs' lawyers are accepted as members of those bars.
in Romania, the lawyer of this person licensed in legal sciences who, subsequently, is admitted to the profession, based on an examination organized by the bar in which he intends to practice. After being admitted to the profession, the lawyer bears the professional title of trainee lawyer, and will be registered on the Board of trainee lawyers. At the bar lawyer, he takes an oath in a solemn setting. After completing the mandatory 2-year internship, the trainee lawyer must take a final examination organized by the bar, after which the lawyer is registered on the Register of permanent lawyers.
Mainly, the work of the lawyer is carried out through legal consultations and through assistance or representation before the courts or other bodies of jurisdiction.
In the exercise of the profession, the lawyer is independent and obeys only the law, the status of the profession and the code of ethics. It promotes and defends human rights, freedoms and legitimate interests.
Although lawyers have a general legal background, the increasing complexity of legal issues, generated by the evolution of society, has required their specialization in different branches of law (commercial law, civil law, criminal law, tax law, etc.) or by categories of activities. . :
legal advisers who provide legal advice; solicitors who assist or natural or legal parties before the courts.
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