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The Unknown Africa

by Meridian Learning Center

Cover

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The Unknown Africa:
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Innovative thinking and entrepreneurship
for sustainable solutions
Table of Contents

Introduction…………………………………………………..………....3

Building houses from sand bottles..................................4

Designing furniture from mushrooms…….....................11

Turning food waste into energy on a farm....................15

Using a biogas installation in a city................................21

Turning dumpsters into parks........................................25

Private plastic recycling...................................................32

An ecological steel factory...............................................37

Harvesting water from the clouds..................................40

Copyright............................................................................50
Introduction

In this book, you are going to learn about the unknown projects that are hidden in various African countries. What do you know about Africa so far? Take a minute to think about it and write it down…

Have you noted something about sustainable development, smart initiatives, and innovative change? If not, this book will be very interesting for you. Because we are going to cover Africa from that angle and show you that every country in the world has great, smart and very clever people.

Do you remember how many countries there are the world?

There are 197 countries, and of these, about 90 countries are considered poor or developing.

In these countries, people adapt to the environment and use the things they have to improve not only their own lives but also to contribute to a better environment.

In this book, you will learn about solutions to environmental problems that creative people from African countries come up with, invent and implement. About inventions and projects, thanks to which our earth, our planet is becoming cleaner and more developed.
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In this book, we are going to introduce you to different kinds of environmental challenges that many people around the world struggle with.

But instead of only focusing only on the problems in each country, we will tell how smart people are working on solving it.

Sometimes it is easier than you think, the main idea is to share the knowledge and solutions across borders and cultures. Many of those people, that you are going to read about, don't have many financial resources and you are going to learn that it is not even necessary to be rich or influential in order to start doing something great.

We will introduce you to those people, their names and projects. We will describe the problems in details and give you step by step instructions on how to start thinking towards solving a problem in a clever and innovative way.

Our motto is that "Small steps can make big changes"! 

We truly hope that this book will be your first step towards a better future as well as a better cultural understanding of other countries and people that are living in a challenging conditions.

Let's begin our journey!
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Algerians living in the desert
Imagine, that you live in a hot African country and you have few resources. Let's start with the main thing - you need a house.

Building a house is always expensive. That is why in most poor countries, many people make themselves huts and shacks from sheets of metal and galvanised steel. It is cheap and protects them from rain and wind.

But the big problem is that it’s definitely impossible to stay in such a house during the day - it’s made of metal, and what happens when the sun shines on metal for a long time?

It gets very, very hot. And the same goes for nighttime - if it is cold outside, then it will be very cold inside as well. So, what can be done? Are there other options?
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Such issues can be avoided if we build a house from the right, high-quality materials. But it is not available to everyone.
In other words, if you don’t have the necessary materials, you need to take a look at what you have. One original solution can be found in the biggest country in Africa – Algeria.

The majority of the country is covered with sand, being the Sahara Desert. Here it is hot during the day, and cold during the night. Building a house in these conditions is expensive, also because the transportation price is high. There are many roads in the desert, but it is still not as easy to transport the building materials as it would be in Europe.
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