Page 3 -National Flag Page 4 -National Coat of Arms Page 5 -National Anthem Page 6 -Ukrainian embroidery Page 8 -Viburnum (guelder-rose, snowball tree) Page 9 -Bandura Page 10 -Ukrainian dances Page 11 -Sunflowers Page 12 -Ukrainian Folk Songs Page 13 -Borshch Page 14 -Activities for primary school pupils Page 15 -Videos and games
The national flag of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Прапор України, romanized: Prapor Ukrayiny) consists of equally sized horizontal bands of blue and yellow. The blue and yellow bicolour first appeared during the 1848 Spring of Nations in Lemberg, then part of the Austrian Empire. It was adopted as a state flag for the first time in the aftermath of the Russian Revolution by the Ukrainian People's Republic, the West Ukrainian People's Republic and the Ukrainian State. It was also later adopted by Carpatho-Ukraine in March 1939. When Ukraine was part of the Soviet Union, the bicolour was banned and it used the flag of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic which featured a red flag along with the azure bottom with a golden hammer and sickle and a golden-bordered red star on top. During the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the bicolour gradually returned in use before officially being adopted again on 28 January 1992 by the Ukrainian parliament. Ukraine has celebrated the Day of the National Flag on 23 August since 2004.
Square The symbol of well-being, peace, and fortune. It also means
On the International Vyshyvanka Day, people wear Ukrainian national embroidered shirts that impress with their beauty and diversity. However, not everybody knows that images and patterns feature rich symbolism. Each stitch, star or flower has its own meaning. Ukrainians believed that embroidery is a peculiar talisman protecting against everything bad and they tried to represent happiness, fate, life, and power in the ornaments. Vyshyvanka is more than just an embroidered shirt, is the unique code of the Ukrainian nation.
Rhomb The symbol of the sun and earth union as well as utility. It consists of two triangles which represent the male and female principles. The rhomb with a dot inside means a sown field which equaled to prosperity and abundance for Ukrainian ancestors.
Circle The symbol of the sun, heaven energy, and eternity.
Herbal motives Main meanings are purity and prosperity.
Snowball tree The symbol of love, wealth, beauty, motherhood, and procreation (bush – mother, berries – children).
Oak branch This is Perun’s image on men's shirts