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Mission San Antonio De Padua

by Alonso Arana


Mission San Antonio De Padua
Alonso Arana
My mission is in Alta California and it was built on July 14, 1771.
My mission's name is San Antonio De Padua because it was dedicated to Saint Anthony of Padua.  It was built out of adobe brick and the roof was made out of red brick tile.
The Salinan Indians were the tribe who lived and worked at mission San Antonio De Padua. They went to the mission to trade with the Padres but ended up getting baptized.
My mission had a special room that is used for storage for what they need for church. Behind the alter of the church is a room the padres use to store things for the church services.
My missions church was made out of adobe brick. adobe brick is made out of a mixture of clay, mud, straw, and sometimes manure. Inside my mission's alter there was seven free-standing bronze statues  and four bas-reliefs in bronze with miracles of st Anthony.
People were chosen to ring the bells and it was an honor to ring them. My mission's bells ring about six times a day. The bells were used to tell Indians when to do things.
Mission San Antonio De Padua got a bronze bell from a mule's pack and hung it to the lower branch of a tree. My mission also had two other bells that Spain gave it which in all my mission had three bells.
The Indian children did things like keeping birds or small animals out of gardens or serving at mass or other religious  functions.
The Indian men cared for the livestock and worked in the garden and orchards.
Indian women did things like washing, sewing, chewing the leather to make it soft, or grinding wheat. Most work was done on a quota system and once they met their quota they can spend their freetime as they like.
The padre's jobs were to educate, be community leaders, planners, and supervisors.
To tan hide first you make the hide hang then you rub it in brain solution or make the brains into paste and rub it on the skin. Last you leave it there overnight or for a few days depending on the size of the hide. They made leather from tanning the skin and they made chairs, saddles, bridles,
furniture, and reatas.
Tallow vats are what they put the fat from cows in to heat it up to make tallow. Tallow vats are made out of adobe brick.
To make tallow you get animal fat and heat it up. They made soap and candles out of the tallow. They sold and also used the things they made from the tallow.
The buildings were made of adobe brick and the Indians built them. My mission has a leather workshop. My mission had a room to spin wool. They made yarn by cleaning and drying the wool. Then straightened it by using brushes at that point it can be made into yarn.
Blacksmiths were among the most prized craftsmen. There was a Spanish blacksmith with Padre Junipero Serra when he first entered California in 1769. Before 1769, when Father Serra and his blacksmith came to California iron was unknown to the Indians.
My mission had outdoor kitchens and a indoor kitchen with a long fireplace with holes in the roof. The types of workshops  my mission had were a carpenter shop, a leather shop, and a harness shop.
The padre's quarters had a small bed, a table, one chair, a stand with a pitcher and a bowl of water, and a chest to store things. The single girl Indians slept on one side of the mission while the single boys slept on the other side. families slept together.