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Rosa Parks

by Aleya Gilley, Sam Marcum, Marli Wells

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Role Model. Activist. Rosa.
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By: Aleya Gilley, Samantha Marcum, Marli Wells
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As a retired school teacher, I believe teaching history in it's rawest form is very important to educate our young minds. This book written is an important read because it details the life of the Mother of Civil Rights and emphasizes the important role Rosa Parks had in the Movement and the difference that she truly made.

Teresa Gilley
Retired 2nd grade teacher
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Introduction
Rosa Parks was a wife, daughter, sister and an activist during the time period of the Jim Crow south and became an influential women within the civil rights movement. She coined the term as "Mother of the Civil Rights Movement" by standing up for what she believed in and fighting for equality for herself and others. We as authors wrote this book to educate and inspire young minds to learn from Rosa and stand up for what they believe in, or "sit down" in this case.  

 

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CHAPTER 1- Early Life
Rosa Parks was born in Tuskegee Alabama on February 4, 1913. Her parents James and Leona McCauley, separated when Parks was two. Park's mother moved Rosa and her younger brother Sylvester, to Pine Level, Alabama, to live with her parents, Rose and Sylvester Edwards. Both of Park's grandparents were formerly enslaved people and strong advocates for racial equality; the family lived on the Edwards' farm, where Parks would spend her young childhood. Being a teacher, Leona taught Rosa at home until the age of 11, she was sent to live with her aunt in Montgomery Alabama to continue her education.
Rosa's grandfather, Anderson McCauley
Rosa Park's childhood home, Tuskegee Alabama
Rosa's grandmother, Louis McCauley
Montgomery Industrial School for Girls
The Montgomery Industrial School for Girls was a private K-8 school for African American girls established in 1886 in Montgomery, Montgomery County. The School was founded by Alice White and H. Margaret Beard, two white Christian education reformers from the Northeast, whose aim was to provide an education as well as a sense of pride to their students during a time of racial segregation and to produce teachers who would go on to inspire others. Some of the women who became influential in the civil rights movement, including Rosa Parks, attended this school.
Montgomery Industrial School for Girls, Montgomery Alabama
Rosa attended the Montgomery Industrial School for Girls, an all-black private school where Rosa performed janitorial work in exchange for tuition. She began high school at Booker T. Washington High, but was forced to drop out to help take care of her ailing mother and grandmother.
Rosa and Raymond
In 1932, at 19 years old, she married Raymond Parks, who worked as a barber and was a long time member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). He supported Rosa in her efforts to earn her high-school diploma, which she ultimately did the following year. Raymond and Rosa became respected members of Montgomery's large African American community. Co-existing with white people in a city governed by "Jim Crow" (segregation) laws, however, was fraught with daily frustrations: Black people could attend only certain schools, could drink only from specific water fountains and could borrow books only from the "black" library among other restrictions.
Although Raymond had previously discouraged her out of fear for her safety, in December 1943, Rosa also joined the Montgomery chapter of the NAACP and became chapter secretary. She worked closely with chapter president Edgar Daniel (E.D. Nixon).
Raymond and Rosa Parks
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