Climate change refers to the changes that take place in global temperatures and other average characteristics of the atmosphere such as snow, wind, rain, and humidity. Unlike weather which can change daily, climate change takes a long time to be realized. The climate has continued to adjust throughout the history of the earth in different ways. Human activities are a major determinant of climate change. Various components are connected to climate change such as global warming, enhanced greenhouse effect, and fossil fuels.
Global warming can be used to refer to the increase or rising of the earth’s average temperature. The major concerns of global warming are the general climate instead of the day-to-day weather conditions. For example, when there is a drop in the earth's temperatures, the period is known as ice age and when the temperatures rise, the ice is melted and forms rivers. The greenhouse effect occurs when the surface of the earth and also the air above it are warmed.
This effect results from gases emitted through human activities trapping energy from the sun. Fossil fuels are substances that are created from the remains of prehistoric organics that are buried and occur naturally. These fossil fuels that were formed a long time ago change into materials such as coal and petroleum as they undergo much heat and pressure from layers of sediments as they are buried.
If we come together as people on the earth, we can play a major role in preventing more climate changes which can be harmful. Environmentally, children should be taught how to recycle and use less plastic to avoid littering, green up the community by planting more trees.
Socially, children should learn to use transportation such as bikes which emit zero gases hence keep the environment clean.
Children should also conserve energy and learn to buy less and share more as the production of goods uses energy which we want to conserve. These activities can be of great help in preventing more climate change.
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Letcher, T. M. (2019). Why do we have global warming?. In Managing global warming (pp. 3-15). Academic Press.