p. 05 Holocaust in Italy p. 15 Holocaust in Croatia p. 35 Holocaust in Greece p. 65 Holocaust in Portugal p. 70 Holocaust in Poland
Holocaust in Italy
The dictator Benito Mussolini, founder of the Fascism
An example of "electoral vote" during the Fascism.
BEFORE THE TRAGEDY THE ITALIAN KINGDOM DURING THE FASCISM
From 30th October 1922 the Kingdom of Italy was governed by Benito Mussolini, a former socialist and later founder of the National Fascist Party (PNF). Mussolini took power in Italy thanks to a coup d'état called the "march on Rome": on 28th October 1922, in fact, the main supporters of the party (a few thousand people) occupied the main streets of Rome. The king, Vittorio Emanuele III, instead of asking for the army to disperse the demonstrators, called Mussolini (who was in Milan, ready to flee in case of failure) to Rome and entrust him with the government of the Kingdom. From 1922 to 1924 Mussolini governed with a Parliament in which there were only thirty Fascists. Despite this, he managed to get some laws approved in Parliament that would have sanctioned the beginning of totalitarianism from the 1924 elections.
With the successive fascist laws (1925-1926) Italy became a de facto dictatorship while remaining a constitutional monarchy: all parties were abolished except the fascist one, elections were replaced by plebiscites, newspaper censorship began, trade unions were abolished. Furthermore, the fascist government undertook a series of actions to control the Italian people through propaganda and terror from the cradle to old age (control of the school, control of family and maternity, control of after work and free time, control of culture and media…). The blackest page of fascist totalitarianism was, however, in 1938, the promulgation of the racial laws against the Jews. Today Italy is a Republic and the article n.3 of our Constitution says: