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Friuli-Venezia Giulia: a land of wonders

by Chiara De Fino


Friuli-Venezia Giulia: a land of wonders"
Described by Ippolito Nievo as "a small compendium of the universe", Friuli Venezia Giulia offers a great variety of landscapes mixed to a rich and varied cultural heritage, due to a complex history and the presence of different populations.
It is an autonomous region with special statute, situated in the north-east of Italy.
It borders Austria to the north, Slovenia to the east, Veneto to the west and the Adriatic Sea to the south. 
In Friuli Venezia Giulia, four languages are officially recognized: Italian, Slovenian, Friulian and German.
From the north to the south the region is subdivided into three main areas:
- the Carnia which includes the Carnic Alps, (whose highest peak is Mount Coglians 2,780 m), the Julian Alps and the PreAlps.
- the Friulian plain which covers almost half of the region's area
- the Adriatic coast which consists of sandy beaches, magical lagoons and rocky cliffs.
Karst plateau
The Karst Plateau, now almost entirely located in Slovenia, is characterized by limestone rocks eroded by rain and rich in caves (such as the Giant's Cave) and underground tunnels in which various rivers flow, such as Il Timavo.
Three rivers that you cannot miss!
The Tagliamento river is an extraordinarily beautiful river which flows from the Carnic Alps to the Adriatic Sea. It is characterized by a very wide bed, where numerous water channels flow intertwining and produce a breathtaking view.

The Timavo is an underground river that flows for 40 km from Slovenia and then re-emerges in Italia near Trieste.
Thanks to its distinct emerald green colour, the Isonzo river is considered to be one of the most beautiful rivers in Europe. It flows from Slovenia into Italy. Here it is possibile to practice activities such as canyoning, kayaking, rafting or fishing.
Two lakes that worth a visit!

Cavazzo Lake is the largest of the Friulian natural lakes and its waters touch the municipalities of Cavazzo, Bordano and Trasaghis. Here you can practise activities such as fishing, canoeing , windsurfing, renting pedal boats, having a swim or walking around their perimeter.
Fusine Lakes are a complex of two lakes of glacial origin, Lake Superiore and Lake Inferiore, very close to the borders of Austria and Slovenia and easily reachable by foot or by car. You can see reflected in the water the surrounding mountains, called Mangart Mountain.
Fusine lake
In Friuli-Venezia Giulia agriculture production is concentrated in the lower plains and hills.
Fruit, cereals and sugar beet are grown. Vine growing is widespread in the hills and high quality wines such as Tocai or Pinot are produced.
Of particular importance is the livestock breeding (especially cattle and pigs).
Industry mainly consists of production of household appliances (Pordenone) and shipyards (Monfalcone) .
Some industrial areas are specialized in the production of furniture and knives (province of Pordenone), of chairs and machine tools (Udine).