Book Creator

Barista Skills: Coffee

by Rachel Richards

Pages 2 and 3 of 44

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Contents
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What is Coffee

History of Coffee

Arabica versus Robusta

Anatomy of a Coffee Cherry

From Coffee Bean to Cup

Varieties of Coffee

A Day in the Life of a Barista

Types of Coffee Drinks

Types of Iced Coffees

Top 10 Most Expensive Coffee In The World
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What is Coffee?
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cof·fee /ˈkôfē,ˈkäfē/  noun  The berries harvested from species of Coffea plants.
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Everyone recognizes a roasted coffee bean, but you might not recognize an actual coffee plant.

Coffee trees are pruned short to conserve their energy and aid in harvesting, but can grow to more than 9 metres high. Each tree is covered with green, waxy leaves growing opposite each other in pairs. Coffee cherries grow along the branches. Because it grows in a continuous cycle, it’s not unusual to see flowers, green fruit and ripe fruit simultaneously on a single tree.

It takes nearly a year for a cherry to mature after first flowering, and about 5 years of growth to reach full fruit production. While coffee plants can live up to 100 years, they are generally the most productive between the ages of 7 and 20. Proper care can maintain and even increase their output over the years, depending on the variety. The average coffee tree produces 4.5 kilograms of coffee cherry per year, or 1 kilogram of green beans.

All commercially grown coffee is from a region of the world called the Coffee Belt. The trees grow best in rich soil, with mild temperatures, frequent rain and shaded sun.