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Intro to Linguistics

by Zulvanisa Nur L

Pages 4 and 5 of 53

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Linguistics Branch
Comic Panel 1
Comic Panel 1
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Micro linguistics

1. Phonetic
2. Phonology
3. Morphology
4. Syntax
5. Semantic
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Linguistics Macro

1. Psycholinguistics
2. Sociolinguistics
3. Historical Linguistics
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CHAPTER 2
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PHONETICS
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Definition of Phonetics

Phonetics is a branch of linguistics that studies the sounds of language without regard to whether these sounds can distinguish meaning or not (Dhanawaty, et al, 2017, p. 29). Such sounds are called neutral sounds or are not bound to a particular language. Of course, the sound in question is the sound of language in the form of speech. As stated by Muliastuti (2014, p. 19) phonetics is a part of linguistics that studies speech processes.

Type/ Scope of Phonetics

1. Organic/Articulatory Phonetics
Is a branch of phonetics that studies the mechanism by which speech organs work in producing speech sounds and how these sounds are classified.

2. Acoustic Phonetics
Study the sound of language as a physical event and investigate it in terms of vibration frequency, intensity amplitude, and timbre (quality/form of sound). The main concern of this study is the sound waves generated during speech activity and the transmission of these vibration waves through the air.

3. Auditory Phonetics
Reveal the mechanism of receiving language sounds by the ear. His main concern is on the perception of sound waves by the listener's ear, both with regard to the physiology of the ear and related hearing instruments as well as with regard to the psychology of perception (Dhanawaty, et al, 2017, p. 29).