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The Peace to End All Peace

by Caleb Day

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The Peace to End All Peace
The continent of Europe was torn and ragged by the end of the Great War. Peace was a foreign concept after four years of fighting. All that the Allies knew was they wanted to make Germany pay! Afterall, Germany was the aggressor. All of this would be decided at the Peace Conference of 1919
Left to Right: Prime Ministers Lloyd George, Vittorio Orlando, Georges Clemenceau, and President Woodrow Wilson.
The Peace Conference was held at Paris, more specifically Versailles. The main players at the Peace Conference (also known as Big Four) were Prime Minister Lloyd George of Great Britain, Georges Clemenceau of France, Vittorio Orlando of Italy, and U.S. President Woodrow Wilson. These four made most of the decisions.
Wilson had grand visions for how the Peace Conference would end. When he came to the discussion, he brought with him his Fourteen Points. The points are as follows:
1. Open diplomacy without secret treaties
2. Economic free trade on the seas during war and peace
3. Equal trade conditions
4. Decrease armaments among all nations
5. Adjust colonial claims
6. Evacuation of all Central Powers from Russia and allow it to define its own independence
7. Belgium to be evacuated and restored
8. Return of Alsace-Lorraine region and all French territories
9. Readjust Italian borders
10. Austria-Hungary to be provided an opportunity for self-determination
11. Redraw the borders of the Balkan region creating Romania, Serbia and Montenegro
12. Creation of a Turkish state with guaranteed free trade in the Dardanelles
13. Creation of an independent Polish state
14. Creation of the League of Nations
Sadly, Wilson was forced to compromised many of his points in the Treaty of Versailles in order to keep the the last, which he deemed the most important in the treaty. By forfeiting some of his other points, Wilson also forfeited his principle of Self Determination. Africa and Asia were not allowed self determination like their European Counterparts.
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