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FIBER TO FABRIC

by Anogna Lokasani

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FIBER TO FABRIC
Threads in fabric.
•Take a piece of fabric, pull out threads one by one from the fabric.
•Take one thread scratch it's end and observe it under microscope then we can see the fine structure of thread.
•Take a needle and try to insert this thread into the eye of the needle.
•It is difficult , so Generally, when we are not able to put thread into the eye of needle, either we twist the end of the tread. 
          (OR) 
•We wet the end using saliva.

Types of fibres
•Fabrics such as cotton, jute are obtained from plants.
•Silk and wool are obtained from animal.
• The Fabrics like cotton, jute, silk, wool are obtained from plants and animals so, they are called as natural fibres.
•The fabrics like polyester, terylene, nylon, acrylic etc.. These are made up of chemicals so, they are called as artificial fibers.
 Characteristics of fabrics
-The process of removing seeds from cotton wool is called 𝙜𝙞𝙣𝙣𝙞𝙣𝙜.
Making yarn from cotton fibre
•The cotton fibre is cleaned, washed, combed. 
• This fine cotton fibre is used to make cotton yarn 
•Yarns are dyed and coated with chemicals
•Then they become strong enough to make fabrics
Spinning yarn
• Take a cotton ball and remove seeds from it.
• Take some of it in one hand and gently start pulling out cotton by using Thumb and Forefinger.
• continue twisting of the fibre will make yarn.
• The yarn that we make from cotton wool is not strong enough to be used for weaving.
• In olden days to get strong yarn from fibre, takli is an instrument used for spinning.
• Charka is also used to make yarn.
- The process making yarn from fibers is called as spinning.
Making of jute yarn
• Jute is obtained from stem of the jute plant
• The stem of the plant is cutted animals in water for some days. 
• when the stem is immersed in water it becomes rotten and easy to peel. 
• Then the fibres are separated from the stem to make jute yarn. This is thoroughly combed and clean. 
• Gunny bags are made using this cleaned jute
Two sides of yarn arranged together to make fabric is called weaving.
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