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National and International Festivals

by Emel Yavuz

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National and International Festivals
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This magazine has been prepared by the schools involved in the project as a collaborative product of the English Speaking Zone Project
RAMADAN FEST
Ramadan Feast is the one of the two holidays celebrated within Islam. The religious holiday is celebrated by Muslims worldwide because it marks the end of the month of Ramadan and fasting.
Traditionally, Ramadan Feast begins at sunset on the night of the first sighting of the crescent moon. It is celebrated for one to three days, depending on the country.
A specific prayer is nominated for first day of the Feast and it is forbidden to fast on the Day of Feast.
Muslims celebrate the Ramadan Feast in various ways with food being a central theme, which also gives the holiday the nickname "Sweet Eid" or "Sugar Feast". 
As it comes after a month of fasting, sweet dishes and foods are often prepared and consumed during the celebration. Muslims typically decorate their homes, and are also encouraged to forgive each other and seek forgiveness.
In countries with large Muslim populations, it is normally a public holiday with most schools and businesses closed for the day.
In Turkey it is a time for people to attend prayer services, put on their best clothes (purchased specially for the Feast), visit all their loved ones (such as relatives, neighbors, and friends), and pay their respects to the deceased with visits to cemeteries. It is also customary for young children to go around their neighborhood, door to door, and wish everyone a "Happy Feast", for which they are gifted candy, chocolates, traditional sweets such as baklava and Turkish Delight, or a small amount of money at every door. Mosques, minarets and public fountains tend to be lighted up for the occasion, and popular events such as Sufi music concerts and dervish dancing ceremonies, Shadow Puppets show are held in the nights.
Necip,Nisagül,Aysel,Esat,B.Azra KFL 11th Grade
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