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Vocabulary Notebook

by Gael Gallegos

Pages 2 and 3 of 29

Vocabulary
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Notebook
Gael Gallegos/B1/Instituto Tecnologico de Campeche
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Second Conditional
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The second conditional is a type of conditional sentence used in English
to express hypothetical or unlikely situations in the present or
future. It is also known as the "unreal conditional" because it deals
with situations that are contrary to reality. This research paper aims
to explore the usage, structure, and applications of the second
conditional in English grammar.
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Purpose and Usage:


The second conditional is primarily used to express hypothetical situations and their potential outcomes. It is formed using an "if" clause (conditional clause) in the simple past tense and a main clause with the modal verb "would" plus the base form of the verb. The structure of the second conditional is as follows:


If + simple past, would + base verb
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The second conditional is commonly used in the following situations:

Hypothetical Situations in the Present:

To talk about situations that are not true or unlikely to happen in the present.
Example: If I won the lottery, I would buy a big house.

Hypothetical Situations in the Future:

To discuss situations that are improbable or unlikely to occur in the future.
Example: If she studied harder, she would get better grades.

Polite Requests and Offers:

To make polite requests or offers by using "would" in the main clause.
Example: If you would pass me the salt, I'd appreciate it.

Imagining Outcomes:

To imagine the outcome of a certain action or event.
Example: If they came to the party, everyone would be happy.
When to Use Second Conditional:
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