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The Immune System

by Henry Malus


The Immune System
complimentary e-book by Henry Malus, ND
Layers of Defenses

-Innate Immune Responses
*Cell Barriers
*Natural Killer cells

-Adaptive Immune Responses
*Killer T cells
*Helper T cells
-Immune Memory
Signs of a functioning Immune System
*Mucous production
*Nausea *Diarrhea
Support for our Immune Systems
*Lifestyle considerations
*Diet changes
*Supplements -nutrient & herbal considerations
Immune Disorders
The immune system consists of biological structures and processes within an organism that protect against disease.
To function properly, an immune system must detect a wide variety of agents, known as pathogens.
Pathogens can be things like; viruses, bacteria, fungus, and parasites.

The immune system must distinguish between these invaders and from the organism's own healthy tissue.

The immune system protects us from infection with layers of defenses, which become increasingly specific.

First, physical barriers prevent pathogens from entering our bodies.
If an organism breaches these barriers, the next layer of defense, the innate immune system is ready and waiting. This provides an immediate, but non-specific response.
If pathogens are lucky or clever enough to escape the innate response, we have another more targeted layer of protection, the adaptive immune system.
The adaptive system is put on notice when the innate immune system activates.
The adaptive response creates memory cells, which improves recognition of the pathogen.
The adaptive immune system will then mount faster and stronger attacks each time this pathogen is encountered.
The adaptive response holds a memory of previous attacks from organisms in the same family as the current invader.