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Explanation Text

by Anisya Dama Yanti

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Explanation Text
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Grade XII
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Reading and writting section
Explanation Text
A. Definition
Explanation is a text which tells processes relating to forming of natural, social, scientific and cultural phenomena. Explanation text is to say ‘why’ and ‘how’ of the forming of the phenomena. It is often found in science, geography and history text books.
B. Purpose
To explain how or why something happens.
C. Generic Structure
– General statement
General statement; stating the phenomenon issues which are to be explained.
– Sequenced of explanation
Sequenced explanation; stating a series of steps which explain the phenomena.
D. Language Features
In an explanation text, there are linguistic features as below :
– Using simple present tense
– Using abstract noun (no visible noun)
– Using Passive voice
– Using Action verbs
– Containing explanation of the process
Tsunami occurs when major fault under the ocean floor suddenly slips. The displaced rock pushes water above it like a giant paddle, producing powerful water waves at the ocean surface. The ocean waves spread out from the vicinity of the earthquake source and move across the ocean until they reach the coastline, where their height increases as they reach the continental shelf, the part of the earth crust that slopes, or rises, from the ocean floor up to the land.
A tsunami washes ashore with oftendisastrous effects such as severe flooding, loss of lives due to drowning and damage to property.
A tsunami is a very large sea wave that is generated by a disturbance along the ocean floor. This disturbance can be an earthquake, a landslide, or a volcanic eruption. A tsunami is undetectable far out in the ocean, but once it reaches shallow water, this fast traveling wave grows very large.
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Example of Explanation Text: How Tsunami Happens
Tsunami
A tsunami visualization.. How it is happens is written in the form of example of explanation text
Tsunami occurs when major fault under the ocean floor suddenly slips. The displaced rock pushes water above it like a giant paddle, producing powerful water waves at the ocean surface. The ocean waves spread out from the vicinity of the earthquake source and move across the ocean until they reach the coastline, where their height increases as they reach the continental shelf, the part of the earth crust that slopes, or rises, from the ocean floor up to the land.
A tsunami washes ashore with oftendisastrous effects such as severe flooding, loss of lives due to drowning and damage to property.
A tsunami is a very large sea wave that is generated by a disturbance along the ocean floor. This disturbance can be an earthquake, a landslide, or a volcanic eruption. A tsunami is undetectable far out in the ocean, but once it reaches shallow water, this fast traveling wave grows very large.
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After you understand and read what a Tsunami is, please answer the questions below correctly!
3. We understand from the text that tsunami ....
1. Tsunami happens because ....
A. The displaced rock pushes water above it
B. A major fault under the ocean floor slips suddenly
C. The ocean waves spread out from the vicinity of the source
D. The waves moves across the ocean until they reach the beach
E. A tsunami is undetectable far out in the ocean
4. “... producing powerful water waves at the ocean surface.” The synonym of the underlined word is....
2. What are the impacts of tsunami?
A. The part of the Earth’s crust that slopes, or rises, from the ocean floor down to the land
B. A tsunami washes ashore with often disastrous effects such as flooding and loss of lives
C. A tsunami is a very large sea wave which is not generated by a disturbance a long the ocean floor
D. A tsunami is detectable far out in the ocean
E. Once tsunami reaches shallow water, the wave never grows very large

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3. We understand from the text that tsunami ....
A. Causes the movement of earth
B. Forms a new shape of coastline
C. Makes unfortunate event
D. Rises a new coastal land
E. Displaces rocks to land
4. “... producing powerful water waves at the ocean surface.” The synonym of the underlined word is....
A. Fast
B. Deep
C. Quick
D. Strong
E. Weak

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