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Constitution, Gender Equality and Phenomenal Women

by Martina Martinovic and 4 Bq Righi Cerignola

Pages 2 and 3 of 62

CONSTITUTION, GENDER EQUALITY AND PHENOMENAL WOMEN
May 2022
4 BQ "Augusto Righi" Cerignola
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FROM THE MAGNA CARTA TO THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS
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The constitution is a set of rules that define a country and his principle. The first set of rule constitution-like was Magna Carta. From clauses, 1,9,29 were based on the British, American, and most of European Constitutions.
Magna Carta means “Great Charter” and was established during the unfair reign of King Jonh in 1214. King Jonh during his reign accumulated a lot of money from taxes that was used for payment of his rich and expensive life.
During Jonh’s rule, he angered the barons who capture London and refused the payment of these taxes who brought King Jonh to bargain and barons forced him to write Magna Carta to limit his power.
After the dysentery and death of King Jonh in 1216, the Pope considered invalid the Magna Carta who bring from peasants and barons the burst of the Civil War.
WOMEN IN THE MAGNA CARTA 
Most of the Magna Carta had little to do directly with women. The main effects of the Magna Carta on women was to protect widows and wealthy heiresses from arbitrary control of their fortunes by the crown, protect their dow rights for financial support, and protect their right to consent the marriage. 
UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS 
The Universal Declaration of Humans Rights is a milestone document in the history of human rights. It sets out, for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected, and it has been translated into over 500 languages. 

- All free men have the right to fair and equal trial by one’s peers Everyone has the right to life, liberty, and security of his person.

 - No individual may be held in a state of slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade will be prohibited in any form.
ITALIAN CONSTITUTION COMPARED TO AMERICAN AND BRITISH ONE
The costitution of the Italian Republic is the most important law of the Italian state, that as such is in the top of the hierarchy of sources in the legal system of the republic. Considered a written, rigid, long, voted, arbitration secular constitution democratic and basically programmatic, is made up 139 articles and 18 transitional and final provision. The Italian constitution was approved by the constituent assembly on 22 december 1947 and was promulgated by the provsional head of state Enrico De Nicola on the following 27 december.
The Constitution of the United States of America
The text, which originally was made up of only 7 articles, outlines the national governarce structure. First 3 articles embody the basic democratic concept of the separation of powers; the federal governments is divided into 3 parts: the legislative branche, the executive branche and the judicial branche, whose powers are respectively assigned by the United States Congress, the President and the federal courts. The articles 4,5,6 represent the concepts of federalism,describing the rights and the responsability of the legislatures of the single federated states of USA. Article 7 established the procedure used by the original 13 Colonies for ratification.
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