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García González Atenas Marisa-E-book

by García González Atenas Marisa


García González Atenas Marisa
English VI
Gómez Montes Maria Angelica

Part of the speech
A speech is the ability to talk or the activity of talking.

This speech is composed of 9 parts, these parts of the speech tell us what a word does, along with how it functions and makes meaning.
We can also group parts of speech into lexical words, which carry a lot of meaning, and function words, which help us make sentences and show the relationship between things.

The parts of speech are:
  • Nouns
  • Pronouns
  • Verbs
  • Adverbs
  • Adjectives
  • Prepositions
  • Conjunctions
  • Interjections
  • Articles

A noun is a word that refers to the subject, it can be singular or plural, also there are uncountable and countable nouns. Examples: John, money, car, cars, Chuby, dog, dogs, school, family, etc
A pronoun is a word that replaces the noun. We have the next types of them: Subject pronouns, object pronouns, possessive pronouns, and reflexive pronouns. Examples: I, she, they, etc. (SP), me, him, us, etc. (OP), mine, hers, yours, etc. (PP), myself, itself, themselves, etc. (RP).
Verbs are words we use to talk about the action of the noun. Examples: play, cook, run, see, etc.
Adjectives are words that describe, or modify, nouns, they usually come before nouns. Examples: big party, terrible news, the best pizza, interesting idea, strong leader.
Like adjectives, adverbs describe words, but in this case, they describe verbs, adjectives, other adverbs, or entire sentences. Types of adverbs: Adverbs of manner, degree, time, place, frequency, purpose. Examples: quietly, almost, here, tomorrow, always, since, etc.
Prepositions are words placed before nouns or pronouns to connect them to other parts of speech in a sentence. There are different types: prepositions of time, place, direction, and manner. Examples: until, beneath, round, besides, etc.
Conjunctions are words that can connect, for example, a list of nouns in a series. But most of the time, when we are talking about conjunctions, we are talking about connecting one clause to another clause in the same sentence. There are two types: coordinating and subordinating. Examples: for, and, but, while, although, because, etc.

Interjections are funny words like: ouch, wow, hmm, oops, well, geez, etc. They are not connected to the other words in a sentence, generally, they add emotion to a sentence. Example: Wow, I'm so tired.
The articles in English are indefinite articles (a, an) and definite articles (the). We use indefinite articles when we are introducing a new noun to our listeners or not referring to a specific object. On the other hand, we use definite articles to refer to a specific object that our listeners already know about.