The cultural diversity of Ecuador has its roots in the influences that the different peoples have left after passing through its territory over the centuries. It would be necessary to consider the ethnic and regional diversity of Ecuador to analyze its culture.
How many and what are the cultures of Ecuador? In its three continental regions, 14 indigenous nationalities and 18 peoples with diverse traditions and their own worldview coexist. The best-known Amazonian indigenous nationalities are: Amazonian Kichwa, Huaorani, Achuar, Shuar, Ai Cofán, Siona, Secoya, Shiwiar and Záparo.
“Valdivia was one of the pioneering cultures in the development of agriculture and the domestication of corn, cassava and other products” indicates Borbor. In addition, they were fishermen, they fed on fish and shellfish, and also on game; but the main base of its economy was agriculture.
The Chorrera culture or the Chorrera tradition is an indigenous culture of the Late Formative that flourished between 1300 a. C. and 300 a. C. in Ecuador. Origin The Chorrera culture (1000-100 BC) has its origin in the Guayas river basin. The expansion of this town in the Formative period is located from the south of Guayaquil to Salango, in the province of Manabí, where there is a so-called contemporary occupation. Importance It is considered that the art of Chorrera had a great diffusion and influence in other regions of the New World; because its high aesthetic and technical development was, without a doubt, the result of the great ceramic tradition of the cultures that preceded it, that is, Valdivia, Machalilla; and in the high Andes, Cerro Narrío...
The Inga, located on the Ilaló hill, in the Chillos valley, was a camp-workshop where a wide lithic instrumental collection has been found, consisting of: spearheads, cutters, bifacial knives, brushes, perforating scrapers, among others. which complete 50 different types of artifacts.
A characteristic of the Ingas is their extensive migratory commercial activity, which has taken them to different places in Colombia, Venezuela, Central America and the Antilles. In Cali and Bogotá, for example, there are migrant communities with Cabildos as their own legally recognized authority.
The Festival of Flowers and Fruits
Madonna of the Swan
Ambato is the first city in Ecuador in which the carnival with water has been eradicated, replacing it with different activities of massive popular participation. The festival lasts approximately four days and includes folk and song festivals, floral games, mingas, pyrotechnics, typical dish fairs, theater, craft and fruit exhibitions, popular dances, costume contests, queen crowning, serenades, etc. . The Confraternity Parade and the bullfights stand out.
Mass pilgrimage of the faithful who make a journey of 200 km in three days, leaving the church and returning, cultural events, fireworks, typical dances, fairs, masquerades, horse races, cockfights, popular songs.
For the celebration of the festival, each family prepares a typical meal that includes porridge, mote, potatoes, guinea pigs, chickens, eggs, sheep, pigs, cheeses, “toast” with beans, lupins, sweet potatoes, melloco, geese, broad beans, among others. . As drinks, chicha de jora, rice, oatmeal, and guarapo. Musical instruments such as the chuto, the flute, the guitar, the pingullo, the zampoña, the rondín, the rondador, the charango, the quena, the violin and the bass drum are used. The typical costumes of the festival are the zamarro, the "montado", the helmets, the "pitacas", the reins, the mask, the handkerchiefs and the glasses.