5. Farming, trade and business............................................pg.12
Feudalism and Society
After the death of Charlemagne, Europe broke out into chaos and there was no official system. Feudalism developed as a response to attacks from other kingdoms. Feudalism is a system based on exchanging land and services from people of different social classes on the social classes pyramid. It consisted of the king, lords, knights and peasants.
Castles were very important in medieval society. They were fortresses and defended towns surrounding the castle. In addition to that, important and powerful people resided in castles.
The kings would live in a castle. They would give their land to nobles and lords. Lords in return promised loyalty and knights for military service. Lords would also allow serfs to live on their land, and these serfs would provide food to everyone. They would work and in return, be protected.
Social Pyramid of Medieval Society
Nobles and Church officials
Knights and warriors
Serfs and Peasants
Who made castles?
Castles were planned by the king and ..... But, it was usually the townspeople doing all the heavy work. Some castles took generations to make. Meanwhile, some took less than a decade.
What Materials Were Used?
-stone -rubble -sand -wood -water
How were materials transported?
Heavy materials like stone were brought up in carts. There were holes in castles, and long pieces of wood were put in. That would make it stable enough to bring the stone up to the next level. As for lighter materials, hoists and pulleys were used.