Teacher: Anayancy Ruiz Course: English Teaching lll
By Nicole Bermúdez
Learning is a process that lasts a lifetime, even in adult life, it is an internal process of self-discovery and also of cooperative activity, I learn with others and from others. Albert Einstein said: "I never teach my students, I only provide them with the conditions under which they can learn" The process in preschool is of the utmost importance for a good stimulation, they are the first years in which, according to neurologists, in those first 6 years there are "critical periods" or optimal moments to start with learning. Through this booklet we will learn strategies to apply in reading, speaking, writing and listening in preschool age.
Speaking: All the skills that are taken into account in the teaching-learning process of a language are very important, since all of them is what makes it possible for students to use that language correctly in different situations. In the specific case of speaking, this refers to speech, the use of the language to communicate orally, bearing in mind pronunciation and fluency, which must be worked on for the development of this skill.
The skill of oral expression is linked to oral comprehension, because in order to speak you also have to listen and understand. This can be worked on from an early age, such as Early Childhood Education, and continues in Primary Education and subsequent educational stages.
Communicative competence Being a 'good speaker' requires a range of skills beyond accurate grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation, though these are the basic building blocks that enable a message to be understood.An effective communicator chooses the words they use, and the way in which they speak to different people in different situations, whether that is ordering a sandwich at a snack bar or giving a keynote speech at an academic event.
Reading and speaking skills are both important when it comes to language learning. To be able to speak fluently, reading is very important. When children are exposed to a language-rich environment at home and at school, it creates an opportunity for them, to develop their productive skills. It is said that “receptive skills are stronger than the productive skills” when it comes to vocabulary learning. So, when they are exposed to more new words their degree of fluency intensifies (Pachina, 2020).
Theory into practice
1. Silly Pictures The teacher will find a funny image to show the child (think a cow in a kitchen or flying cars), then ask the child to use his observation skills to explain what's silly about the pictures.
2. This or That? Give kids a choice between 2 controversial topics and ask them to choose one. The key to this engaging game is requiring kids to explain why. Examples include cats or dogs, hot dogs or hamburgers, mountains or beach?
3. Mystery Box
Hide an object in a box so only the speaker can see it. Have the speaker describe the object to the class without saying what it is. The other kids must guess what the object is as fast as they can. You can adapt this for older kids by making the objects more obscure.
Reading: Reading and writing have always been present in the lives of human beings, because this is the source of communication and interaction with others, for this reason it is vitally important to work and cultivate oral and written language. As many know, reading and writing is a process used to approach verbal and written comprehension, this strategy helps in the teaching-learning process, focusing on their intrinsic interrelationship and is used as a communication system. and integrated metacognition. For this reason, reading and writing are inseparable elements of the same mental process. When reading, signs are deciphered to capture their acoustic image and larger units are simultaneously encrypted: words, phrases and sentences to obtain meaning.