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Education. Welcome to Italy and... to Lucca's CPIA!

by Grazia Cannavò

Pages 2 and 3 of 35

Grazia Cannavò
Welcome to Italy and...
... to Lucca's CPIA!
The education system in Italy
Italian education system is structured into:

- Nursery schools;

- The first school cycle (primary school and lower secondary school);

- The second school cycle (secondary school divided into two subsystems, grammar schools and vocational school).
Nursery school (40- 50 hrs per week) is a pre-school path, recommended but not mandatory, for children from 3 to 6 years of age. For children from 24 to 36 months, the spring sections can be activated, based on school projects underlying agreements between the Regional School Offices and the Regions. 
First school cycle
Primary school (24-40 hrs per week): is the first step of the first cycle of education. The condition to enrol in the primary school is to come to the age of 6 years.
Teaching English Language was compulsory as a result of the Law 53/2003.
Lower secondary school (30-36 hrs per week): it lasts for three years.
The teaching of two European languages was provided: the first is necessarily English ( 3 hours per week). The second language (2 hours per week) based on the Programme of Studies, normally provides a choice between French, Spanish or German.
In secondary school the school year is valid when the pupil has attended at least three quarters of the customised annual timetable.
The State exam consists in three written tests (Italian, mathematics and science, English, and second community language) and a multidisciplinary interview.
Second school cycle
The equal status of “education” and “education and professional training”
The Moratti reform stated the equal status of the two pathways after the first school cycle: the five year education by the State and the education and professional training by the Regions.
It is a “three –point system”: vocational schools, technical schools and high school.
CLIL: teaching and learning in another language
The content and language integrated learning, involves the use of a foreign language as a means of learning content. CLIL was implemented in 2010 with reorganisation of technical schools and high schools: in the last year of high school and technical schools; in the third year in language high schools. As for the vocational schools, CLIL is not provided in the Regulations, although it is possible to use the autonomy quota to consolidate the experiences already initiated.