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Introduction to English Literature

by Yuli Kartika

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Introduction to English Literature
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Poetry
Metaphor, Simile, Personification, Apostrohe
Materials
1. Metaphor
2. Personification
3. Simile
4. Apostrophe
Metaphor
○A metaphor is a figure of speech that describes an object or action in
a way that isn’t literally true, but helps explain an idea or make a comparison.

A Metaphor is an implied simile. Like the Simile, it does not describe that one thing acts as another but takes that for granted and proceeds as if the two things were one.
Examples Of Metaphor:

○ Life is a dream.
○ The four-wheeler is the ship of the desert.
Simile
Simile Definition: A comparison of two things of the same kind is not a Simile.
In a Simile, a comparison is made between two objects of different kinds, which have at least one point in common. Such words usually introduce the Simile as like, as, or so.
Examples Of Simile:
- They shall flourish like the palm tree.
- He came down like a wolf on the fold.
- She is as brave as a lion. 
Personification
Personification: In Personification, inanimate objects and abstract notions are spoken of as having life and intelligence.
○A figure of speech in wich someone absent or dead or something nonhuman is addressed as if it were alive and present and could reply

Examples Of Personification:
○- Death lays his icy hand on kings.
○- In Saxon’s strength, that abbey frowned.
○- Laughter holding both her sides.
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