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Gökalp Çınar

by Gökalp Çınar


Sumer was an ancient civilization founded in the Mesopotamia region of the Fertile Crescent situated between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Known for their innovations in language, governance, architecture and more, Sumerians are considered the creators of civilization as modern humans understand it. Their control of the region lasted for short of 2,000 years before the Babylonians took charge in 2004 B.C.
Sumerian history begins with the establishment of city states in 3000 BC. Cities consisted of houses built around temples. Ur, Lagash, Umma Kish, Uruk are important city states.

The Sumerian city states were ruled by a prince called Patesi, who also held the post of priesthood.
There is no stone in Mesopotamia so bricks and mud bricks were used in the buildings. For this reason, the architecture has not developed much. At the same time, the buildings have not survived for a long time.
They have a polytheistic religious belief. There is no belief in life after death. Their belief is about the world. For them, happiness is in the world. They built temples called ziggurats. To be alone with their heavenly gods, they would rise above the temples and watch the night sky. As a result, the science of astronomy has developed.