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Molecules project

by Nicholas Kilian

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Organic Molecules
By Nick Kilian
P.2
4 Major Macromolecules
1- Carbohydrates
2- Lipids
3- Proteins
4- Nucleic Acids
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Carbohydrates
Elements
1-carbon-1
2-hydrogen-2
3-oxygen-1
natural polymer

The four primary functions of carbohydrates in the body are to provide energy, store energy, build macromolecules, and spare protein and fat for other uses. Glucose energy is stored as glycogen, with the majority of it in the muscle and liver.
The Monomer of a carbohydrate is monosaccharides
This is a fructose monosaccharides
Lipids
The elements combined in lipids are
1-carbon
2-oxygen atoms
3-hydrogen
2 Monomers that make up a lipids are
1-glycerol
2-fatty acids
3 examples
1-fats
2-oils
3-waxes
The main function of lipids is storing energy
proteins maintain proper pH and fluid balance
Proteins
Elements in proteins are carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur
hydrogens
protein polymers
1-gelatin
2-hemogolbin
nitrogen
oxygens
carbons
Nucleic acids
Elements in nucleic acids are
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorus
4 different nucleic acid monomers
1-uracil
2-cytosine
3-thymine
4-adenine
Function of nucleic acids
The storage of genetic information
nitrogen
oxygen
Monomers vs polymers
monomers form polymers when combined
monomers connect like paperclips and combine to form a large polymer
chemical reaction that breaks apart polymers into monomers-hydrolysis also knows as split water
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