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Cultures in Ecuador

by Novus59

Pages 4 and 5 of 21

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Cultures of Ecuador
Popular culture in Ecuador
In this unit, we will study some aspects of the Ecuadorian popular culture; it means «expression of our identity», like our natural medicine.
Diverse and very rich are the expressions of popular art of Ecuador, but they all form part of our common identity.
For example, the Panama Hats that is manufactured in Montecristi is used in all social sectors.
Another example of popular art is the Figuras de Mazapan that are made in Calderón, the Ceramic Figures of Azuay, among other.
We have a lot of popular holidays related to the cycles of sowing and harvesting , civic dates or with the sacred history and the rituals related to the Church . Popular festivals are celebrated with variations in each region and combine indigenous and black traditions, Hispanic customs and practices, mestizo elements, mass culture and entertainment. The queen of the Carnival is elected and decorations and costumes are made with the fruits of the region. Guaranda, on the other hand, the party brings together popular music bands.
To the ingredients such as: potatoes and corn are added fish and plantains , pork and grains and rice .
Additionally, there are certain dishes characteristic of a specific region or locality that became a national dish, whose consumption has even transcended the borders of the country.For example, guatita, ceviche, fanesca, mote pillo
from azuay, arroz con menestra (rice with beans)
We have a lot of popular holidays related to the cycles of sowing and harvesting , civic dates or with the sacred history and the rituals related to the Church . Popular festivals are celebrated with variations in each region and combine indigenous and black traditions, Hispanic customs and practices, mestizo elements, mass culture and entertainment. The queen of the Carnival is elected and decorations and costumes are made with the fruits of the region. Guaranda, on the other hand, the party brings together popular music bands.
To the ingredients such as: potatoes and corn are added fish and plantains , pork and grains and rice .
Additionally, there are certain dishes characteristic of a specific region or locality that became a national dish, whose consumption has even transcended the borders of the country.For example, guatita, ceviche, fanesca, mote pillo
from azuay, arroz con menestra (rice with beans)
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Myths and legends that exist in societies are the stories and practices that are maintained in popular memory and are transmitted orally from the elderly to the young, from grandparents and parents to children. They refer to the origins of families and peoples, to diseases and ways to cure them, fears of imaginary characters (ghosts, dead that resuscitate, goblins and sorcerers). 
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It is made up of medical knowledge transmitted by tradition who use natural and magical elements for healing of physical and spiritual illnesses.
In the Andean region, popular medicine is represented in rural areas by the «yachac» and in the cities by the «yuyeras» who prepare remedies to cure «mal de ojo» and «mal aire».
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Myths and legends that exist in societies are the stories and practices that are maintained in popular memory and are transmitted orally from the elderly to the young, from grandparents and parents to children. They refer to the origins of families and peoples, to diseases and ways to cure them, fears of imaginary characters (ghosts, dead that resuscitate, goblins and sorcerers). 
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It is made up of medical knowledge transmitted by tradition who use natural and magical elements for healing of physical and spiritual illnesses.
In the Andean region, popular medicine is represented in rural areas by the «yachac» and in the cities by the «yuyeras» who prepare remedies to cure «mal de ojo» and «mal aire».
People from our country have devotion to «La Virgen del Quinche», whose sanctuary is located in the northeast of Quito; «La Virgen del Cisne» in the province of Loja; or the «Sagrado Corazón de Jesus», whose presence in Ecuador goes back to the colonial times.


We also have blessed women who have been elevated to the altars as saints of the

Nobol.
In addition to these, there are other popular devotions, such as «Hermano Gregorio» and «El Divino Niño», who comes from Colombia.
Cultures of Ecuador
We talk about culture to refer to aboriginal people who lived in our territory thousands of years ago, like Valdivia, for example. We say that a person has culture when he or she acts with good manners and is respectful with people.
People from our country have devotion to «La Virgen del Quinche», whose sanctuary is located in the northeast of Quito; «La Virgen del Cisne» in the province of Loja; or the «Sagrado Corazón de Jesus», whose presence in Ecuador goes back to the colonial times.


We also have blessed women who have been elevated to the altars as saints of the

Nobol.
In addition to these, there are other popular devotions, such as «Hermano Gregorio» and «El Divino Niño», who comes from Colombia.
We talk about culture to refer to aboriginal people who lived in our territory thousands of years ago, like Valdivia, for example. We say that a person has culture when he or she acts with good manners and is respectful with people.
An expression of the cultural diversity of our country is ethnic. In general, they inhabit the cities of our country, although there is also a large number of mestizo farmers.

The mestizo cultural values come from Europeans, indigenous people or of Afro-Ecuadorians, but in many cases these values are original.

Indigenous cultures conserve characteristic traits of its past, but they have not remained static.

Their own cultural traits have been preserved for centuries, but poverty and the influence of mass culture put its cultural traits in danger.
Ecuadorian society.

Peru here in our country and vice versa in Colombia and Peru, there are also many Ecuadorian people.


Currently, the emigration of many Ecuadorians to Europe and the United

States searching for job opportunities influences the habits and customs of our people.
An expression of the cultural diversity of our country is ethnic. In general, they inhabit the cities of our country, although there is also a large number of mestizo farmers.

The mestizo cultural values come from Europeans, indigenous people or of Afro-Ecuadorians, but in many cases these values are original.

Indigenous cultures conserve characteristic traits of its past, but they have not remained static.

Their own cultural traits have been preserved for centuries, but poverty and the influence of mass culture put its cultural traits in danger.
Ecuadorian society.

Peru here in our country and vice versa in Colombia and Peru, there are also many Ecuadorian people.


Currently, the emigration of many Ecuadorians to Europe and the United

States searching for job opportunities influences the habits and customs of our people.
In Ecuador, diverse cultures have been developed that are settled in the regions, which have their own customs, ways of speaking, cooking, etc. For example, farmers from the coast have a very characteristic culture, which is expressed in their way of life, work, fun, etc. A similar reality is that of the «chagras», who are the rural mestizos of the Andean region.
For example, Manabí or Loja have a specific way of speaking Spanish. «Manabitismo» and «lojanidad» have very own characteristics that people recognize without doubt.
Not only the identification with our national symbols, such as the flag, the coat of arms and the anthem, but very similar forms of speaking Spanish and our food.

Customs such as the «mingas» and «años viejos» that belong to most

Our culture has been influenced by the cultures of other countries, through the media and an active exchange. Ecuador is a country of diversities, but it has elements of cultural unity that we all recognize as ours.




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