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Traditional Dances from Various Countries

by Ulfatun Al Muzaqiah

Pages 2 and 3 of 10

Cross Culture Understanding
Traditional Dances from Various Countries
Ulfatun Al Muzaqiah
0142S1C018056
6th A Semester
English Education Department
STKIP Muhammadiyah Bogor
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Table of Contents
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What will you find in this book?
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Table of Contents...........................................................................................................2
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Preface...................................................................................................................................3
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Introduction.......................................................................................................................4
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Traditional Dance...........................................................................................................5
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Saman Dance (Indonesia)................................................................................6
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Buchaechum Dance (South Korea)...........................................................7
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Sufi Dance (Turkey)................................................................................................8
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War Dance (Saudi Arabia).................................................................................9
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Quiz..................................................................................................................................10
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Preface
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First of all, the author expresses gratitude to Allah SWT for being able to complete the digital book (module) entitled "Traditional Dances from various countries". The author also thanks all those who helped write this digital book.
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The purpose of writing a digital book is to fulfill the final semester assignment given by Mrs. Meita Lesmiaty Khasyar, S.S., M.Pd., as the lecturer for the Cross Culture Understanding course.
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And in the preparation of this digital book, the author has faced many challenges and obstacles, but with the help of various parties these challenges can be overcome. The author realizes that there are still many shortcomings in the writing of this digital book.
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The author realizes that this paper is still far from perfect, both in terms of form and material. I hope this digital book can be useful to add insight to the development of cross culture understanding.
Introduction
Art is an experience in the form of an attractive and neatly arranged sensory medium, which is manifested to be communicated and contemplated. Art is a human work that can cause pleasure in our spirit.
According to Herbert Read, "art is an attempt to create pleasant forms. Such forms satisfy our awareness of beauty and this sense of beauty is fulfilled when we find unity or harmony from the relationship of the forms we observe.
Dance is one form of art that has a medium of expression or substance of motion, and the motion that is revealed is human motion. The movements in dance are not realistic movements or everyday movements, but movements that have been given an expressive form.
Traditional Dance
Dance is a type of performing art consisting of movements that are in harmony with the accompanying music. Dance that is born and grows in a society which is then passed down or passed down continuously from generation to generation is the definition of traditional dance. Traditional dance is a dance that is the embodiment of culture in an area.
Traditional dance is a means of mass communication. At traditional dance events, the public will gather and watch so that they can exchange various kinds of information while watching. Movements and traditional dance music also often contain messages in the form of life teachings or religious da'wah.
The message is easier to digest and remember if it is conveyed through traditional dance. Traditional dance functions as a traditional ritual ceremony that has been carried out from generation to generation in a culture.
The uniqueness of traditional dance includes movements, musical accompaniment, clothing, and makeup that are different and reflect the culture of each region.
Saman dance
Saman dance is one of the traditional dances from Indonesia which is well known throughout foreign countries. This dance is a Gayo highland tribal dance in the XIV century AD which is usually performed when celebrating important events in adat. Therefore, the poetry contained in one of the 34 traditional dances from Indonesia uses the Gayo language. In some literature it is stated that the Saman Dance was developed by Syekh Saman who is a cleric from Gayo in Southeast Aceh.
Anyone who enjoys this traditional dance from Aceh, will surely be amazed by the cohesiveness of the dancers who can be considered extraordinary. Saman dance is performed in a sitting, neat, and lined manner that is not the same as other dances which usually perform free movement. The clapping movements and the distinctive tempo of the rhymes are very special because everything can run in synchrony. The Saman Dance movement cannot be done by just one person, so the dancers who combine this movement of patting the shoulders and hands must do it in groups.
On November 24, 2011, the Saman Dance was designated by UNESCO as the Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity at the 6th session of the Inter-Governmental Committee for the Protection of UNESCO's Intangible Cultural Heritage in Bali.
Buchaechum Dance
Buchaechum is a traditional Korean dance in which a group of women dance using a fan decorated with Peony flowers and wearing brightly colored Hanbok (traditional Korean dance). In Indonesia itself, Buchaechum is often displayed at events that have Korean and cultural characteristics.
Buchaechum or Buchae Dance (fan dance) is a group dance which is one of the most famous traditional Korean dances in foreign countries. This dance is performed by a group of female dancers holding colorful fans. The essence of this dance is the variation of the movement of opening, closing and forming the formation of the fan.
This dance is known for representing the beauty and majesty of Korean women. The dancers form formations from events in nature, such as waves crashing, clumps of flowers and butterflies flying in the wind.
Initially this dance was part of an individual ancient ritual. When the ritual no longer exists, a folk dance full of joy, grace and surprise is born. The audience will feel as if they are in a flower garden as the dancers wear colorful clothes with rhythmic movements and beautiful fan formations.
Sema Sufi Dance
The dancers keep turning to the music, where the longer it goes, the faster and longer the loop. The dance costumes with wide skirts that they wore fluttered beautifully. It twists along with the swift rotation of the dervishes (dancers). As if experiencing ecstasy, they seemed to enjoy the round after round that was getting louder.
The Sema Dance (Whirling Dervishes) is a very religious Sufi Dance from the Middle East. This dance is the inspiration of the Turkish Philosopher and Poet named Maulana Jalaluddin Rumi in the 13th century, where this dance means that the basis of life in the world and on this earth is rotating.
In Turkish history, this dance began with the death of Rumi's spiritual teacher, namely Syamsuddin Tabriz. Because the sense of loss is very deep, Rumi expresses his sadness by dancing in circles. Then he realized that humans are mortal.
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