Book Creator

Minseo French Revolution

by Minseo Lee

Pages 6 and 7 of 14

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Symbolism
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The technique of symbolism can be seen in the hat. In front of the guillotine, everyone is wearing a hat named a Phrygian cap. During ancient times, the Phrygian cap was used as a symbol of liberty in the French Revolution. However, it did not use as a liberty cap in the first place. In ancient Rome, the freed slave wore hats of a similar style called "pileus" to represent their freedom. Therefore, in Europe, it was later assumed that the Phrygian cap and pileus was the same.
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The technique of symbolism can be also seen in the crown in the guillotine. It depicted the situation when one person had executed in the guillotine. Although it did not label one's name, the crown in the guillotine stands for the king. By considering the crown and the time of this cartoon, it is noticeable that the person who executed was King Louis XVI. Hence, the author drew the situation when King Louis XVI had executed.