by Adison


By : 8th Grade Student
Chapter 1 - MANIA - causes of WW1

Chapter 2 - U.S. Neutrality & Entry of War

Chapter 3 - Espionage & Sedition Acts

Chapter 4 - Technology Change & Trenches

Chapter 5 - America at War

Chapter 6 - War Comes to an End

Chapter 7 - Belleau Wood Model

Chapter 8 - Test with Answer Key
pages 3 - 9
: Table of Contents
pages 10 - 14
pages 15 - 17
pages 18 - 21
pages 22 - 26
pages 27 - 32
pages 33 - 35
pages 36 - 38
Chapter 1 :
These 5 letters represent each word that initiated war. Each one specifically contributed to "The Great War" in different ways but came together to create such rivalries. Both fronts on each side of the war symbolizes each part of M.A.N.I.A to create this term before the war began and in today's time.
Militarism was to grow a strong military to be able to defend your country and allies to achieve your goals in a war. Nations would usually race to build up their troops the quickest so they'd be prepared for attack at any moment. Nationalism created most of the rivalries that had began to have the best military. The arms race was a rivalry that went between militaries. This is the time where more weapons came into play, creating the battle to be the bloodiest of that time. Militarism was costly since they needed more supplies to support the troops. Most military or government leaders would plead for their nations pride to help out their troops. The militaries always wanted to stay on top. If one army increased in any way, the rest would follow, gaining what was needed to be equal or greater than the others. The leaders needed the money so their military would stay advanced and equipped for battle. Militarism was enforced to help solve some problems of the people and government, but also started some rivalry issues of nations. The nations felt like they could never be beaten and had pride in their soldiers. It also gave them the power and confidence to take down the other nations, which is known as Imperialism. Creating friendships, or "alliances", helped them gain success and support in their military if they needed it. Militarism gave the soldiers the excitement to battle for their country in war, but others feared the war and what it may bring. Militarism was a helpful kick-off to World War 1.
Vocabulary :
- Nation - a large region of people who relate by culture, language, and history in a country or a territory.
- Arms Race - a race where nations compete to exceed of having or creating the best weapons to use in war.
- Allies - a partnership between nations to trust and defend eachother in case of attack.
Alliances were to agree between nations to trust, defend, and share strategies with each other. The alliance system was a main part of war where 2 or more nations to merge together in war. These allies have each others back by a binded law, but can easily be broken by disagreement or broken trust. They have to support each ally with help in war, resources from their country, and money if a nation is struggling to form their troops. The alliances in war were made by the rivalries that wanted to be avoided. With support and better protection of the country's citizens, they would not interfere with any battle. If any army went in battle upon another, then it is the allies duty to be there to support their fellow nation. The alliance system surely kept each nations trust, but it made war tensions worse. Instead of only 2 nation in battle, it would reach out to their allies causing more rivalries between nations and causing more conflict to escalate. World War 1 truly only had 2 major alliances, but small allies progressed through the war. The Allied Powers and Central Powers were the large alliances and fought against each other in the time of war. Each part of MANIA contributed to the war, but they all guided alliances to come true.
Vocabulary :
- Alliance System - multiple nations of war fight side by side for everyone's success in their country.
- Central Powers - one of the main unions of ww1 that consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria. They faced and were defeated by the Allied Powers.
- Allied Powers - one of the main unions of ww1 that consisted of Britain, France, Russia, Italy, and the U.S. They battled and won against the Central Powers.
Yellow Journalism
Nationalism was feeling pride in your country and the importance of your nation mattered more than any other. This term first started off as the devotion and love for the countries you inhabited. Each nation was proud of their cultures so the people wrote music, books, and plays dedicated to their country. Then it got to the terms of feeling nothing else had any meaning behind it and only your nation was significant compared to your country. The nations wanted to outdo the others to stay on top and wanted respect for how important they thought they were to be. Rivalries began causing many fights between nations of who was the best. These arguments went too far, making these fights worse than expected, leading to a better chance of war between nations. Newspapers were spread around to citizens about the rivalries of their country as a way to earn more money from the fast investment of the people. Many of these citizens bought these papers for the fear of invasion, but some hoped for war to look superior compared to other nations. These newspapers would use yellow journalism to bring in the cash as exaggerating the information. The government did so similarly but used propaganda as a way to lie about the rivalries between nations the act seem more dramatic. The government created more newspapers that gave support of more decisions being passed. Many leaders of government used the techniques of propaganda to support the war and the troops as it seemed but truly wanted the profit. Nationalism led to Imperialism, proving it's out to take over another place for your nations benefit and Militarism so they'd be more respected by minored militaries. Nationalism had initiated many world issues of the nations that led to World War 1.
Vocabulary :
- Yellow Journalism - to exaggerate a writing piece to make it seem more interesting to buy or read.
- Propaganda - to overemphasize information to the point where it false and used as an advertisement for a political view.