Captain James Cook "discovered" Australia in 1770, he sailed into Botany Bay on the Endeavour.
He made detailed Maps of Newfoundland prior to making three voyages to the Pacific Ocean, during which he achieved the first recorded European contact with the eastern coastline of Australia and the Hawaiian Islands, and the first recorded circumnavigation
The First Fleet is the name given to the 11 ships which left Great Britain on 13 May 1787 to found a penal colony that became the first European settlement in Australia.
The first fleet consisted of two Royal Navy vessels, three store ships and six convict transports, carrying more than 1, 000 convicts, marines and seamen, and a vast quantity of stores.
The replicas of the Supply, Charlotte, Scarborough, Friendship, Prince of Wales, Lady Penrhyn, Borrowdale, Alexander, Sirius (1786), Fishburn and Golden Grove are made from Western Red or Syrian Cedar.
First Colony in Sydney
Governor Arthur Philip hoists the British flag over the new colony at Sydney in 1788. The British colony of New South Wales was Subsequently established with the arrival of the first fleet of 11 vessels under the command of Captain Arthur Philip in January 1788
Blaxland Wentworth and Lawson
From 1788 to 1813 the settlement at Sydney grew rapidly, and soon more land was needed to grow food and graze animals. The Blue Mountains, with their deep valleys and sheer cliff walls, was the barrier to expansion.
They Brought with them: - a few sheep - seeds - bees - tools - groceries - clothing
Their Journey was Difficult because there was no possible way across the blue mountains. Only Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders knew and Blaxland, Wentworth and Lawson would feel silly to have to ask them.
Five other Facts are:
- They crossed the blue mountains in 1813 - There names were Gregory, William Charles and William - Attempts to cross the mountains lying to the west of Sydney had been made from 1790 - Others who tried to cross became lost in deep gorges or turned around by thick scrub - their ages when they made the discovery were thirty five, thirty nine and twenty one
Burke and Wills
Burke and Wills took with them:
- Five saddle horses
- 12 pack Horses
- 12 pack saddles
- 5 saddles
- 17 saddle cloths
What Made their Journey difficult:
The wet weather which set in soon after their start made travelling very slow.
5 other facts are:
- they wanted to cross to the Gulf of carpenteria
- 7 out of 19 other men died
- only one man, the Irish soldier crossed the continent to Melbourne and was still alive
- Their intention was to get from Melbourne to New South Wales