Think about a tree. A tree that will grow to be big and strong! Once you plant the tree, it is set up for success and to do its job. Now, Imagine a bench or small wall is built over the freshly planted tree. What will happen if the object isn't moved or taken care of? Would the tree stop growing all together??
No! The tree will simply grow around the object that is in it's way. Which will cause the tree to take a different shape and have some underdeveloped parts because of the space taken up by the object. The tree will still grow but, not correctly. This leads to a higher risk for issues later on in it's life.
TRAUMA EFFECTS THE BRAIN IN THE SAME WAY!!
Traumatic experiences or (ACES) will not stop the brain for developing but certain parts of the brain will stop. Resulting in an underdevelopment of specific areas of the brain. This effects how children function in school, getting tasks done, and executive functioning skills.
This is the Toxic Stress Bench All of these experiences get in the way of a Childs brain development resulting in toxic stress. When child goes through enough stress without being buffered by a loving, nurturing household. The bench stays in place.
This picture explains it perfectly. We see the lack of development in the temporal lobes. That area of the brain is responsible for executive functioning.
I put the benches in the way so you can visually see how trauma gets in the way.