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ICT - Simple Present Tense 5D

by Imam Hafid Al-Ghozali

Pages 2 and 3 of 17

Simple Present Tense
By Imam Hafid Al Ghozali
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Contents
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Definition
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Formula
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Function
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Game
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Definition
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Simple present tense is one of several forms of present tense in English. This tense is used to describe habits, unchanging situations, general truths, and fixed schedules. The simple present tense is very easy to form. Just use the basic words of the verb: (I take, you take, we take, they take). The third person singular form uses -s at the end of the base word. (he takes, she takes)

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Formula
The formula for Simple Present Tense is one of the formulas that is easiest to remember because it is still at a simple stage and is widely used every day. The formula for Simple Present Tense is Subject + Verb 1 (s/es) for verbal sentences and Subject + to be (are, am, is) + nominal (adjective/noun) for nominal sentences. What must be paid attention to is that if the actor or subject is He/She/It, then s/es must be added after the verb.

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(Positive) Subject + verb (s/es) + object

(Negative) Subject + do/does + not + verb + object

(Interrogative) Do/does + subject + verb + object + ?


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Function
Habits
Stating General Truths
To tell about an activity that is done repeatedly, or habitually. We use adverbs of frequency such as always, usually, sometimes, rarely, never and so on, or adverbs of time such as every day, every week, twice a week and so on.
Example :
- I always go to school every 7 o'clock
- My mother cleans the bathroom
every twice a week
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Stating General Truths
To explain natural phenomena related to science or geography which are general truths.
Example:
-The sun rises in the east.
-Water boils at 100 degress
celcius.
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Instructions and Directions
Scheduled Plan
Simple present tense is used to give instructions or directions, especially in recipes, manuals, or guides.
Example :
-Add the flour and stir until well mixed.
-First, you add the flour, then mix in the sugar.
-Turn left at the next intersection.
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