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Castles and the Medieval world

by Sarah Diotallevi

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Through out the ages (and still even today), people have built protection around them:

  • Stone Age people lived in caves and made defences to keep out wild animals.
  • The first towns and cities had walls to keep out invaders
  • Kings and nobles fortified their large homes to protect themselves.
Can you think of places today that have high walls or fences to help keep people out?


THE PARTS OF A CASTLE
The Keep
At the heart of a castle is its tower, known as the keep.
The number of floors within the keep depends on its size and the wealth of its owner.
All Keeps contains a large room known as the Great Hall.
The Curtain Wall
A strong wall is built around the outside of the keep and the bailey.
The Bailey
The enclosed area between the inside of the wall and the keep.
The Gate House
The castles front door is very well protected. The gatehouse faces the only bridge over the moat.
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