1.changes in the rural landscape in developed countries, related to modern developments in farming such as:
2. Impact of new technology
3. Organic farming
4. Genetic Modification (GM)
5. Current government policy
Farming is a tough industry and many smaller farmers struggle to make a living. To help increase their income, many farmers have turned to non-farming related activities. This is known as diversification. Farmers put their land to a variety of uses including:
Tourism renting out cottages as holiday homes offering bed and breakfast facilities providing camp and caravan sites
Enterprise fishing cafes and farm shops fruit picking
Recreation/leisure adventure activities such as quad biking and off-roading paintball horse riding
When farmers use other ventures such as farm shops it helps to boost the farmers’ income, allows farmers to become more independent and less reliant on subsidies.
Wind farm development on farming land also generates extra income.
2. New technology
Machinery Since the 1950s there has been a massive increase in the use of farm machinery such as tractors, ploughs, combine harvesters and seed drills.
Chemicals - fertilisers and pesticides There has been an increase in the use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides to try to improve crop yields and farmers profits. Chemical fertilisers have also enabled crops to be grown on marginal areas with poorer quality soil.