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Rural: India N5

by Mr Bell


Human Environments 5

National 5
Rural - India
Within the context of Developing Countries:

In the context of rural areas:

1.changes in the rural landscape related to modern developments in farming such as:

1. GM crops

2. Impact of new technology

3. Biofuels
The Ganges Valley is in north India
Rice is the staple crop for the majority of the world’s population.

Wet rice cultivation is also practiced in South East Asian countries e.g. the Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Malaysia.
Features of Wet Rice Cultivation
Flooded padis to allow wet rice cultivation
Traditionally this is subsistence farming (not for profit but to feed the family)
Farmers transplanting seedlings by hand from the nursery fields into the main padis.
Bunds keep the water in the field.
Farms are small – usually less than one hectare due to inheritance laws.
High inputs of manual labour are required.

Animals such as water buffalo are needed to plough the fields.

Hillsides are terraced to make flat land to grow the rice.
The Green Revolution
The Green Revolution involved the introduction of new technology such as tractors, and chemical fertilisers and pesticides.

As well as the use of HYVs (high yielding varieties) of crops, although not GM crops at the time these are now being used.

The Green Revolution had a number of advantages and disadvantages.
Impact of New Technology
Impact of GM crops