3.Causes and impacts of forced and voluntary migration
1. Methods and problems of data collection
In the UK, a census is carried out every 10 years and has been since 1801 (except for 1941).
1a. Census is a survey carried out every 10 years (1) each householder is asked to complete a detailed questionnaire about the number of people living in their home (1).
1b. Householders answer other questions on their social, economic and cultural background (1).
2. Civil Registration
The Statutory Registers of Births, Deaths and Marriages date back to 1855. They include all births, deaths and marriages that have taken place in Scotland up to the present day.
2. Civil registration of births and deaths (1) provides an up-to-date count between censuses (1).
3 - Scottish Household Survey
The Scottish Household Survey (SHS) is an annual survey of over 10,000 households. It covers a range of different topics including your home, your neighbourhood and your views on local public services. http://scottishhouseholdsurvey.com/
3. Scottish Household Survey is a continuous survey(1) based on a random sample of the population (1) which is cheaper than carrying out a full census (1)
Discuss the ways in which countries can obtain accurate population data.