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Expressing Obligations

by Jessica Nadya Messakh

Pages 2 and 3 of 17

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Expressing Obligations
By Jessica Nadya Messakh
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Definition
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Expressing Obligation is an expression in English which is used to express a necessity or something that you have to do as an obligation.
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When we express must in English we can use the words must and have to. The word "must" is used to express something that must be done usually related to rules. "Have to" is a modal verb that is used to indicate what we should do.
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The Function
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The function of obligation is make people to do something or not to do something. There are strong obligations such as rules and necessities, and weak obligations such as advice.
THE STRUCTURE
1. Subject + must + verb 1 + object
2. Subject + must + be + Adjective/noun/adverb
3. Subject + have to/has to + verb 1 + object
4. Subject + have to/has to + be + Adjective/noun/adverb
THE STRUCTURE
1. Subject + must + verb 1 + object
2. Subject + must + be + Adjective/noun/adverb
3. Subject + have to/has to + verb 1 + object
4. Subject + have to/has to + be + Adjective/noun/adverb
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EXAMPLE!
1. All students must come to school at 7 a.m.
2. He really must study harder it if he wants to pass the examination    
3. We must obey school rules without exception.  
4. I have to go to school at seven o’clock.
5. We have to show ID cards.
EXAMPLE!
1. All students must come to school at 7 a.m.
2. He really must study harder it if he wants to pass the examination    
3. We must obey school rules without exception.  
4. I have to go to school at seven o’clock.
5. We have to show ID cards.
EXERCISE
1. You ___ sleep overnight to keep your body healty. 

2. You___ meet Mr. Rama to ask an advice about your next english test 

3. Mother: it's 11pm now. Why are you still awake?
    Laila  : ........ This assignment tonight
    Mother: OK. But ........ Going to bed late ia not good for your health.
The right word to complete the dialogue is....

4. Rara: I'm leaving to go camping in Bantir this weekend
     Meli: well, I think you ... Take a raincoat with you. It's the rainy season now.
     Rara: You right 
     The the right word to complete the dialogue is…
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