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TLE 6 lesson 5

by Lady Carmel Araneta

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Technology and Livelihood Education 6:
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Homemaking and Family Living
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The Home
The home is the place where the members of the family find relaxation, opportunity for self-expression, and happy group living. It gives them a sense of belonging and makes them feel safe and secure. It also provides space for their daily activities and opportunities for sharing in the different activities to realize the family goals.
How many of you are familiar with the song, "Home"? This song speaks of a place where there is love and affection, peace, hope, and contentment. How can this be possible? Every family member must assume the responsibility to contribute to a pleasant and harmonious atmosphere in the home. Everybody must practice such values of love, respect, honesty, loyalty, industry, kindness, and thoughtfulness.
Roles and Responsibilities of Family Members
The typical Filipino family is composed of the parents and children. In some cases, grandparents, aunts, and uncles live with them. It is a known fact that being closely knit is one outstanding characteristic of the Filipino family. A family member gets separated from the original family only in case of marriage and death. The Filipino family is  noted for staying together through "thick and thin.” This concept is internalized by every member of the family.

One can have a satisfying family life if there is an understanding of oneself and his/her role in the family. To understand oneself is to know that one's strengths and weaknesses can be complemented by the strengths of other family members. For example, if you are strong, you can help in home chores that require lifting, moving, and carrying heavy things, or you can lead in sports activities. Boys and girls with singing and dancing talents can share these during family gatherings. Those with interest in cooking, embroidery, sewing, and craftwork may assist their parents in some household chores and endeavors.
Responsibilities of Parents
The father, who is usually the head of the family, has the primary responsibility of providing the basic needs, like food, clothing, and shelter.
He helps in disciplining the children. He also shares in doing the work at home. The mother, who is the heart of the family, takes charge of the home. She takes care of all the family details of housekeeping, budgeting, and other needs of the family. It is her responsibility to take care of and supervise the growing needs of the education of the children. It is also her prime responsibility to inculcate in them good manners and right conduct and to make them productive members of the community. Some mothers work outside the home to help augment the family income.
Parents have the duty to provide their children with love, companionship, and understanding. They have to set good examples for the children to follow and emulate. In general, they have to provide for the well-rounded development of their children by attending to their physical, mental, social, emotional, moral, and spiritual needs. By doing so, parents make their offsprings happy and healthy of mind and body eventually, their children become successful members of the community. Parents have to provide for adequate and nutritious foods, exercise and play, fresh air and sunshine, as well as sufficient time and rest to take care of the children's physical needs. The family’s social needs are met when every member shares in work and play, opens communication lines, eats meals together, and joins family social affairs. 

The emotional needs of children are met when parents provide them with love, affection, and understanding. Giving them praises when these are due and encouragement, when it is needed, will instill feelings of security among the children. However, discipline is also a necessary component of emotional stability. Parents, too, must provide their children with good educational materials. They must allow them to join safe educational field trips to places of interest and send them to good schools. They should discuss with them topics of common interest. All these will satisfy the intellectual needs of the children.

As the saying goes, "The family that prays together stays together.” The family has to go to church or say family prayers and devotions.
During family gatherings, they can tell stories that teach lessons. The observance of cultural values and traditions will also be very helpful. Role-modeling in morality and spirituality is expected of the parents.
Responsibilities of Children
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