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Early Literacy

by Amelia Boyett

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Early Literacy
Amelia Boyett
ED 740
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What is Fluency?
Fluency
Fluency is the ability to read a text with accuracy, automaticity, and prosody (expression) sufficient to enable comprehension. Fluency is a key skill to becoming a strong reader because it provides a bridge between word recognition and comprehension.
How do I teach reading fluency?
To teach a child how to read fluently they have to have continued practice. Students need to hear you read so they know what a fluent reader sounds like and they also need to practice, giving students the same piece of text and having them practice it over and over helps build a fluent reader
Phonological Awareness
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Phonological awareness is the ability to recognize and manipulate the spoken parts of sentences and words. Examples include being able to identify words that rhyme, recognizing alliteration, segmenting a sentence into words, identifying the syllables in a word, and blending and segmenting onset rimes. The most sophisticated — and last to develop — is called phonemic awareness.
How to teach phonological awareness and things parents can do at home..
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Station Rotations Ideas
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Activities
Phonemic awareness is the ability to notice, think about, and work with the individual sounds (phonemes) in spoken words. Manipulating the sounds in words includes blending, stretching, or otherwise changing words. Children can demonstrate phonemic awareness in several ways, including:
Station rotation ideas
Phonemic awareness activities
Phonemic Awareness
Phonics
How do I teach phonics?
Station Rotations & Activities
Phonics instruction helps children learn the relationships between the letters of written language and the sounds of spoken language. Children are taught, for example, that the letter n represents the sound /n/ and that it is the first letter in words such as nosenice, and new.
High Frequency Words
High-frequency words are often referred to as “sight words”, a term that usually reflects the practice of learning the words through memorization. These words might be on the Dolch List, Fry Instant Words, or selected from stories in the reading program
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