Introduction... Pg 1 What are Wetlands? ... Pg 2 Animals of the Wetlands... Pg 3 Plants of the Wetlands... Pg 4 Adaptations... Pg 5 Conclusion... Pg 6 Glossary... Pg 7 Resources... Pg 8
The wetlands are one of the most important habitats in the world. Without wetlands, we would have numerous floods, a lack of oxygen, and extinct animals. Wetlands are important because of what they are, the animals, the plants, and the adaptations that help them live there.
What is a Wetland?
This shows the difference between the 3 types of wetlands
There are many things that make a wetland a wetland. First, a wetland is a place covered in shallow water. Next, there are three kinds of wetlands: marshes, swamps, and bogs. Swamps are areas permanently covered in water and mostly have water-tolerant trees. Bogs are a place that collects rainwater and dead plants that eventually form a sponge surface on top of the water with grass and moss and sometimes trees growing in it. Marshes are often found near the banks of rivers and lakes. Also, wetlands are useful to our world because they soak up water like a sponge in order to prevent flooding. These are some of the ways we define a wetland.
The wetlands have many different types of animals. First, jaguars love water and swimming so they live in some wetlands. Next, Sonya Newland said, “There are only 100 [crocodiles] left in their natural habitat.” Different crocodiles live in different kinds of wetlands. Other animals that live in the wetlands are birds such as ducks, geese, and pelicans. The wetlands are a great source of food and water for these animals! These are just some of the many animals of the wetlands.
Ducks are another animal that lives in wetland habitats
Life Cycle of a Crocodile, a prominent animal in the wetland habitat
The wetland is home to many different plants. First, it is home to the Cypress Tree. The Cypress tree grows "knees" to help it stay sturdy in all the water. Next, water lilies also survive in the wetlands. They lay across the water and help the animals survive as shelters.
Finally, bulrush plants also survive in the wetlands. You may know these as cattails instead. All these plants help provide oxygen back into our environment and keep our are fresher! These are only a few of the many plants that live in the wetlands.
Wetland Animal Adaptations
In order to survive the wetlands, the animals need different adaptations. First, most of the creatures that live in the wetlands are dark in color. This helps them camouflage with the dark, murky water and mud. Next, the birds that live in the wetlands had webbed feet. These webbed feet help them swim faster. Finally, many of the animals can survive on land and in water, so they have a special part of their eyes that protect them underwater so they can still see. These are just some of the many adaptations of animals in the wetlands.
The crocodile blends in with its dark colors in the murky water so sneak up on prey.
The animals, adaptations, plants, and the wetlands themselves are all so very important. We need the wetlands and the wetlands need us. Let's protect them by keeping them clean.